1,3,5-Trioxane

1,3,5-Trioxane
S-Trioxane.svg
Trioxane molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
1,3,5-Trioxane
Other names
s-Trioxane; 1,3,5-Trioxacyclohexane; Trioxymethylene; Metaformaldehyde; Trioxin
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.466 Edit this at Wikidata
RTECS number
  • YK0350000
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C3H6O3/c1-4-2-6-3-5-1/h1-3H2 checkY
    Key: BGJSXRVXTHVRSN-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • O1COCOC1
Properties
C3H6O3
Molar mass 90.078 g·mol−1
Appearance White crystalline solid
Density 1.17 g/cm3 (65 °C)[1]
Melting point 62 °C (144 °F; 335 K)[1]
Boiling point 115 °C (239 °F; 388 K)[1]
221 g/L[1]
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R22
S-phrases (outdated) S24/25
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
2
2
0
Flash point 45 °C (113 °F)[1]
Related compounds
Related compounds
Formaldehyde

1,2,4-Trioxane Polyoxymethylene

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

1,3,5-Trioxane, sometimes also called trioxane or trioxin, is a chemical compound with molecular formula C3H6O3. It is a white solid with a chloroform-like odor. It is a stable cyclic trimer of formaldehyde, and one of the three trioxane isomers; its molecular backbone consists of a six-membered ring with three carbon atoms alternating with three oxygen atoms.

Production[]

Trioxane can be obtained by the acid-catalyzed cyclic trimerization of formaldehyde in concentrated aqueous solution.[2]

Trioxane Synthesis V.1.svg

Uses[]

Trioxane is often used interchangeably with formaldehyde and with paraformaldehyde.[3][4] It is a precursor for the production of polyoxymethylene plastics, of which about one million tons per year are produced.[2] Other applications exploit its tendency to release formaldehyde. As such it is used as a binder in textiles, wood products, etc. Trioxane is combined with hexamine and compressed into solid bars to make hexamine fuel tablets, used by the military and outdoorsmen as a cooking fuel.

In the laboratory, trioxane is used as an anhydrous source of formaldehyde.[5]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b c d e Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  2. ^ a b Reuss, Günther; Disteldorf, Walter; Gamer, Armin Otto; Hilt, Albrecht (2000). "Formaldehyde". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_619.
  3. ^ K. Chen; C. S. Brook; A. B. Smith, III (1998). "6,7-Dihydrocyclopenta-1,3-Dioxin-5(4H)-One". Organic Syntheses. 75: 189. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.075.0189.
  4. ^ D. S. Connor; G. W. Klein; G. N. Taylor; R. K. Boeckman, Jr; J. B. Medwid (1972). "Benzyl Chloromethyl Ether". Organic Syntheses. 52: 16. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.052.0016.
  5. ^ W. O. Teeters; M. A. Gradsten (1950). "Hexahydro-1,3,5-Tripropionyl-s-Triazine". Organic Syntheses. 30: 51. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.030.0051.