1,2,4-trihydroxybutane

1,2,4-Butanetriol
Butanetriol.png
1,2,4,-Butanetriol molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Butane-1,2,4-triol
Other names
1,2,4-Butanetriol
1,2,4-Trihydroxybutane
Triol 124
2-Deoxyerthritol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.019.385 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 221-323-5
RTECS number
  • EK7176000
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C4H10O3/c5-2-1-4(7)3-6/h4-7H,1-3H2 checkY
    Key: ARXKVVRQIIOZGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C4H10O3/c5-2-1-4(7)3-6/h4-7H,1-3H2
    Key: ARXKVVRQIIOZGF-UHFFFAOYAQ
  • OCC(O)CCO
  • OCCC(O)CO
Properties
C4H10O3
Molar mass 106.121 g·mol−1
Density 1.19
Boiling point 190 to 191 °C (374 to 376 °F; 463 to 464 K) 18 torr
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H335
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
2
1
0
Flash point 112 °C (234 °F; 385 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

1,2,4-Butanetriol is a clear or slightly yellow, odorless, hygroscopic, flammable, viscous liquid. It is an alcohol with three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It is similar to glycerol and erythritol. It is chiral, with two possible enantiomers.

1,2,4-Butanetriol is used in the manufacture of butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), an important military propellant.

1,2,4-Butanetriol is also used as a precursor for two cholesterol-lowering drugs, Crestor and Zetia, which are derived from D-3,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid, by using 3-hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone as a chiral synthon[1][2] It is used as one of the monomers for manufacture of some polyesters and as a solvent.

1,2,4-Butanetriol can be prepared synthetically by several different methods such as hydroformylation of glycidol and subsequent reduction of the product, sodium borohydride reduction of esterified malic acid, or catalytic hydrogenation of malic acid.[3] However, of an increasing importance is the biotechnological synthesis using genetically engineered Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas fragi bacteria.[4]

References[]

  1. ^ Niu, Wei; Molefe, Mapitso N.; Frost, J. W. (2003). "Microbial Synthesis of the Energetic Material Precursor 1,2,4-Butanetriol". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 125 (43): 12998–12999. doi:10.1021/ja036391+. ISSN 0002-7863.
  2. ^ "Biosynthetic Pathways". Archived from the original on 2011-06-26. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  3. ^ Chemical & Engineering News, May 31, 2004, Volume 82, Number 22, pp. 31-34, "Biomass or Bust" Web version
  4. ^ The State News, Feb. 12, 2004, "Propelling Research" by Meghan Gilbert. = 22196 Web version Archived 2002-09-02 at the Wayback Machine