0s (decade)

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:
Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 1st century AD

The 0s cover the first nine years of the Anno Domini era, which began on January 1, 1 AD and ended on December 31st, 9 AD. It is one of the two "0-to-9" decade-like timespans (along with 0s BC) that contain 9 years, and are not decades (10 years).

In Europe, the 0s saw the continuation of conflict between the Roman Empire and Germanic tribes in the Early Imperial campaigns in Germania. Tiberius, Ahenobarbus, Vinicius and Varus led Roman forces in multiple punitive campaigns, before sustaining a major defeat at the hands of Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. Concurrently, the Roman Empire fought the Bellum Batonianum against an alliance of native peoples of in two regions of Illyricum, Dalmatia and Pannonia, led by Bato the Daesitiate. In AD 8, the Breuci of the Sava valley surrendered, but it took a winter blockade and another season of fighting before the surrender in Dalmatia in AD 9. A conflict also took place in Korea, where Daeso, King of Dongbuyeo invaded Goguryeo with a 50,000-man army in 6 AD. He was forced to retreat when heavy snow began to fall, stopping the conflict until the next decade. In China, Wang Mang established the Xin dynasty.

Literary works from the 0s include works from the ancient Roman poet Ovid; the Ars Amatoria, an instructional elegy series in three books, Metamorphoses, a poem which chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework, and Ibis, a curse poem written during his years in exile across the Black Sea for an offense against Augustus. Nicolaus of Damascus wrote the 15-volume History of the World.

A census was concluded in China in 2 AD: final numbers showed a population of nearly 60 million (59,594,978 people in slightly more than 12 million households). The census is one of the most accurate surveys in Chinese history. Dionysius Exiguus assigned Jesus's birth date in 1 AD, in his anno Domini era according to at least one scholar. However, most scholars think Dionysius placed the birth of Jesus in the previous year, 1 BC. Furthermore, most modern scholars do not consider Dionysius' calculations authoritative, placing the event several years earlier (see Chronology of Jesus).

Events[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
Asia[]
Africa[]
Americas[]

By topic[]

Arts and sciences[]
Religion[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
Europe[]
Africa[]
China[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
Europe[]
China[]
Korea[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
Middle East[]
Korea[]
China[]

By topic[]

Arts and sciences[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
China[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
China[]
Persia[]

[]

By place[]

Roman Empire[]
Europe[]
Persia[]
Judea[]
China[]

By topic[]

Arts[]

[]

By place[]

China[]
Roman Empire[]

By topic[]

Literature[]

Significant people[]

Births[]

AD 1

AD 2

AD 3

AD 4

AD 5

AD 6

AD 7

AD 8

AD 9

Deaths[]

AD 1

AD 2

AD 3

AD 4

AD 6

AD 7

AD 8

AD 9


See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Jerome (Chronicon 2020) says he died in AD 4 in the 70th year of his life, which would place the year of his birth at 65 BC.
  1. ^ a b Declercq 2000.
  2. ^ a b Declercq 2002.
  3. ^ Dunn 2003.
  4. ^ Klingaman 1990, p. 56.
  5. ^ Klingaman 1990, p. 64.
  6. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 26.
  7. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 26-27.
  8. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 25.
  9. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 27.
  10. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 29.
  11. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 29.
  12. ^ Velleius Paterculus, Book 2, Ch 110.
  13. ^ Velleius Paterculus, Book 2, Ch 110.
  14. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 30.
  15. ^ Velleius Paterculus, Book 2, Ch 111.
  16. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 25-30.
  17. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, Tiberius, ch 9 & ch 16.
  18. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 28.
  19. ^ Cassius Dio, The Roman Histories, Book 55, ch 27.
  20. ^ a b c d Klingaman 1990.
  21. ^ "Ban Biao - Chinese official". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  22. ^ Sanders 1993.
  23. ^ Mommsen 1996.
  24. ^ Roberts, John. The Oxford dictionary of the classical world. Oxford University Press. p. 799. ISBN 9780192801463.

Sources[]

  • Declercq, Georges (2000). Anno Domini: The origins of the Christian Era. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols. pp. 143–147. ISBN 978-2503510507.
  • Declercq, Georges (2002). "Dionysius Exiguus and the introduction of the Christian Era". Sacris Erudiri. Brussels: Brepols. 41: 165–246. doi:10.1484/J.SE.2.300491. ISSN 0771-7776. Annotated version of a portion of Anno Domini
  • Dunn, James D. G. (2003). Jesus Remembered. Christianity in the Making. 1. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 324. ISBN 978-0802839312.