|Used by||Egypt, France|
|Wars||Franco-Prussian War, Mahdist War, Urabi revolt, Anglo-Egyptian War, World War I|
|Neck diameter||12.3 mm|
|Shoulder diameter||13.6 mm|
|Rim diameter||16.0 mm|
|Case length||49.2 mm|
|Overall length||65.0 mm|
The .43 Egyptian was a copper and brass centerfire cartridge used by the Egyptian Army and France for the No. 1 Remington Military Rifle, a rolling block rifle. Used between 1870 and the end of the First World War, it is closely linked to the .43 Spanish.
The Egyptian government originally planned to use the Egyptian .43 cartridge in 1868 "as a matter of national prestige" with 60,000 No. 1 Remington rifles order from Remington. Egypt however was initially unable to meet the payments and the rifles and cartridges were sent to France for use during the Franco-Prussian War. The order was eventually completed in 1876.