.22 extra long

.22 Extra Long
.22 Extra Long, with .22 Long Rifle for comparison.jpg
.22 Long Rifle (left) and .22 Extra Long (right).
Place of originUnited States
Production history
Bullet diameter.223 in (5.7 mm)
Neck diameter.225 in (5.7 mm)
Base diameter.225 in (5.7 mm)
Rim diameter.275 in (7.0 mm)
Rim thickness.043 in (1.1 mm)
Case length.750 in (19.1 mm)
Overall length1.16 in (29 mm)
Primer typerimfire
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
40 gr (3 g) (late smokeless) 1,050 ft/s (320 m/s) 98 ft⋅lbf (133 J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .22 Extra Long is a .22 in (5.6 mm) American rimfire rifle and handgun cartridge.


Introduced around 1880, the .22 Extra Long was used in Remington, Ballard, Wesson, Stevens, and later (1916) models of Winchester's M1902 and M1904 single-shot bolt-action rifles,[1] as well as in Smith & Wesson revolvers.[1]

Using the same 40 gr (2.6 g) outside-lubricated bullet later adapted for the much more common .22 Long Rifle,[1] the Extra Long was loaded with 6 gr (389 mg) of black powder.[1] Originally, it slightly outperformed the .22 LR, but was "not noted for great accuracy",[1] while later smokeless loads achieved about the same muzzle velocity as the .22 LR.[citation needed]

As with the .22 Winchester Automatic[2] and .22 Remington Automatic,[3] the .22 Extra Long will not chamber correctly in .22 Long Rifle weapons.[1] Because it is very dimensionally-similar, however, the shorter .22 Short, .22 Long, and .22 LR will chamber in weapons designed for it[1] (in the same way .38 Special ammunition can be fired in .357 Magnum weapons, or .44 Special rounds in .44 Magnums).[citation needed]

The power of the .22 Extra Long is comparable to the standard velocity .22 Long Rifle,[1] which is much more commonly chambered and sold.[citation needed]

The .22 Extra Long ceased to be offered commercially in 1935.[1]

See also[]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Barnes, p.274, ".22 Extra Long".
  2. ^ Barnes, p.275, ".22 Winchester Automatic".
  3. ^ Barnes, p.275, ".22 Remington Automatic".