Countries whose name in English has the suffix -stan; and other countries that have first-level divisions whose names in English have the suffix -stan.
suffix -stan ( Persian: ـستان, romanized: ) has the meaning of "a place abounding in" stân after a vowel; estân or istân after a consonant or "a place where anything abounds"  in Persian language. It appears in the names of many regions in  Iran, Afghanistan, and Central and South Asia, as well as in the Caucasus and Russia.
Etymology and cognates [ ]
-stan is analogous to the suffix , present in many country and location names. The suffix is also used more generally, as in Persian -land rigestân ( ریگستان) "place of sand, desert", golestân ( گلستان) "place of flowers, garden", gurestân ( گورستان) "graveyard, cemetery", Hindustân ( هندوستان) "land of the Hindu People" ( India).
Originally an independent noun, this morpheme evolved into a suffix by virtue of appearing frequently as the last part in
nominal compounds. It is of Indo-Iranian and ultimately Indo-European origin. It is cognate with the English word , and with state Sanskrit ( sthā́na Devanagari: Sanskrit: स्थान ), meaning "the act of standing", from which many further meanings derive, including "place, location; abode, dwelling", and ultimately descends from [stʰaːnɐ] Proto-Indo-Iranian *. sthāna-
Countries [ ]
In addition, the native name of
Armenia is Hayastan. Haya- comes from Hayk, the patriarchal founder of the Armenian nation.
Some of these nations were also known with the Latinate suffix
during their time as -ia Soviet republics: Turkmenistan was frequently Turkmenia, Kyrgyzstan often Kirghizia, and even Uzbekistan was very rarely Uzbekia. 
Country names in various languages [ ]
Administrative divisions [ ]
Administrative subdivisions [ ]
In Afghanistan [ ]
^ Various places share this name.
In Armenia [ ]
In Iran [ ]
In Pakistan [ ]
In Tajikistan [ ]
In other countries [ ]
Regions [ ]
Arabistan – the name of the Arabian Peninsula and other meanings
Arbayistan – a Sasanian Satrap in Late Antiquity
Asoristan – the province of Babylonia under the Sassanid Empire
Azadistan – a short-lived state in the Iranian province of Azarbaijan under Mohammad Khiabani
Balawaristan – a revived historical name of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Balochistan/Baluchistan – a region in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan
Baltistan – a northern region in Pakistan
Bantustan – an Apartheid-era South African and South West African black 'homeland' (the term coined by analogy)
Cholistan Desert – a desert region in Punjab, Pakistan
Dardistan – a region in northern Pakistan of Dardu speakers
Dihistan – a Sasanian province
East Pakistan – the historic name for pre-independence Bangladesh
East Turkestan or Uyghuristan – a region dominated by Uyghurs, located in northwest China
Frangistan – a historical term used (by Muslims and Persians in particular) to refer to Western or Christian Europe
Gharchistan – a medieval region in Afghanistan
Hazaristan – the Hazarajat, homeland of the Hazaras in central Afghanistan
Hindustan – Persian name for India, broadly the Indian subcontinent.
Kabulistan – a historical name of the territory centered around present-day Kabul Province of Afghanistan
Kadagistan – Kadagistan was the name of an eastern Sasanian province in the region of Tokharistan (in what is now north-eastern Afghanistan).
Kafiristan (land of the infidels) – historic region in Afghanistan until 1896, now known as Nuristan. A similarly named region exists in north Pakistan.
Kohistan – several regions of this name exist
Kurdistan – Kurdish region. See also Iranian Kurdistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Syrian Kurdistan, and Turkish Kurdistan.
Lazistan – a historical and cultural region of the Caucasus and Anatolia, traditionally inhabited by the Laz people.
Lezgistan – ethnolinguistic region in southern Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan
Moghulistan (Mughalistan) – a historical area in Central Asia that included parts of modern-day Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Xinjiang
North Waziristan – northern part of Waziristan region in Pakistan
Pashtunistan – the area of Afghanistan and North-Western Pakistan historically inhabited by the Pashtun tribes
Qabailistan – a region in western Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Quhistan – a region of medieval Persia, essentially the southern part of Greater Khorasan
Registan – historic site in Samarkand, meaning "place of sand"
Russian Turkestan – Turkestan in the Russian Empire, later Turkestan Autonomous SSR
Sakastan or Sistan – a historical and geographical region in present-day eastern Iran (Sistan and Baluchestan Province) and southern Afghanistan
Saraikistan – a region in the south-western part of Punjab, Pakistan with a majority of Saraiki speakers
South Waziristan – southern part of Waziristan region in Pakistan
Tabaristan – a historical region along the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea
Talyshstan – ethnolinguistic region in the SE Caucasus and NW Iran
Tokharistan, Tocharistan or Tukharistan, also known as Balkh or Bactria – the ancient name of a historical region in Central Asia, located between the range of the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya (Oxus)
Turgistan or Turestan – a Sasanian province
Turkestan or Turkistan – ethnolinguistic region of Turkic peoples and languages, encompassing Central Asia, northwest China, parts of the Caucasus and Asia Minor Uyghurstan, China, same as
Waziristan – a region of northwest Pakistan Zabulistan – a historical region roughly corresponding to today's Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan.
Proposed names [ ]
Fictional [ ]
Adjikistan – a fictional central Asian country in the video game
. SOCOM U.S. Navy SEALs: Combined Assault Aldastan – a fictional central Asian country consisting of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, from
. Command & Conquer: Generals Ardistan and Djinnistan – two ficitonal countries in the novel
Ardistan und Djinnistan by Karl May. Avgatiganistan – a pun of 'Afghanistan', it means '
Fried eggs' ('Avga tiganista') in Greek. Fictional country by author Eugene Trivizas.
Azadistan – a fictional kingdom from the anime Mobile Suit Gundam 00, It means "free land". Azmanastan (or Uzmenistan) – a fictional country and region in the film
. The Expendables 3 Bangistan – a fictional country in the
Bollywood movie Bangistan (2015) starring Riteish Deshmukh and Pulkit Samrat. Bazrakhistan – a fictional former Soviet republic in the movie
Act of War (1998) starring Jack Scalia. Belgistan – a fictional Middle Eastern country in the
anime . Gasaraki Berzerkistan – a fictional republic run by genocidal terrorist godhead and
President for life Trff Bmzklfrpz, in the comic strip . Doonesbury Brajikistan – a fictional country from season 2 of the teen sitcom
. Wingin' It Cobrastan – a fake fictional country made up by a character named Jorji Costava in his passport from the game
Papers, Please. Derkaderkastan – a fictional Middle Eastern country in
. Team America: World Police Franistan – a fictional country referred to in the television show
. I Love Lucy Hachmachistan – fictional country in
Kickin' It Helmajistan – a fictional area from the anime
. Full Metal Panic! Howduyustan ("how do you stand?") – a fictional country from
comic book stories. Uncle Scrooge Irakistan – a fictional country in the game
Broforce Iranistan – an oriental region of
Hyborea ( ). Conan the Barbarian stories Jazeristan – fictional country in the movie
. The Misfits Istan – a fictional island state in the online role-playing game,
. Guild Wars Nightfall Kamistan (Islamic Republic of) – a fictional Middle Eastern country featured in the television series
. 24 Kazanistan – an ideal state imagined by
John Rawls in , in which there is a system of law, legal representation for all groups, and a respect for basic human rights, but not full democracy. The Law of Peoples Kehjistan – the state of the eastern jungles in the game
. Diablo II Kerplakistan – fictional country in
Big Time Rush
Kekistan – a fictional country created by 4chan members that has become a political meme and online movement. Kerakhistan – a fictional Middle Eastern country featured in the tabletop miniature wargame
. Battlefield Evolution Kreplachistan – a fictional country in the
film series. Austin Powers Langbortistan – a fictional country in the Danish
cartoons Donald Duck Lojbanistan – the fictional country
lojbanists imagine themselves inhabiting   Moldovistan – a fictional island country in
. The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest Obristan – a fictional country in
. Papers, Please
Paristan or Pari-estan – a in the folklore of Middle East, South Asia and Central Asia. fairyland
Pokolistan – a fictional country in . DC Comics Serdaristan – a fictional country in
. Battlefield: Bad Company Takistan – a fictional country in
. ARMA 2: Operation Arrowhead Tazbekistan – a fictional central Asian nation in the BBC television series
. Ambassadors Trashcanistan – a fictional country mentioned by the hosts of "
MXC". Turaqistan – a fictional country in the movie
War, Inc. Turgistan – a fictional central Asian dictatorship in
. 6 Underground Turmezistan – a fictional country in
. Doctor Who Tyrgyzstan – a fictional country in the BBC television drama
. The State Within Urzikstan – a fictional country in
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare (2019 video game)  Yakyakistan – a fictional northern country in
. My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic Youstinkistan – fictional country in
The Fairly OddParents Zekistan – a fictional central Asian nation in the video game . Full Spectrum Warrior
Other [ ]
Absurdistan – sometimes used to satirically describe a country where everything goes wrong
Ancapistan – a name (often satirically) given to an imaginary anarcho-capitalist country or society
Bimaristan – a kind of hospital in medieval Persia and the medieval Islamic world
Bradistan – a moniker for Bradford, England, owing to its large population of Pakistani worker migrants
Canuckistan (full name being The People's Republic of Soviet Canuckistan) – epithet for Canada, used by Pat Buchanan on 31 October 2002, on his television show on MSNBC in which he denounced Canadians as anti-American and the country as a haven for terrorists. He was reacting to Canadian criticisms of US security measures regarding Arab Canadians  Cavaquistan (
Cavaquistão in Portuguese) – a name coined after the former Portuguese President and Prime-Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva, referring to the regions of Portugal where he achieved landslide victories in the elections held in the late 1980s and early 1990s (especially in the Viseu District ); intended pun with Kazakhstan (  Cazaquistão in Portuguese ) 
Dalitstan.org – a Dalit advocacy website active until mid-2006, one of 18 websites that were blocked by the Indian government to check for hate messages following the  2006 Mumbai train bombings. 
– an album by Dondestan Robert Wyatt. Sounds like Spanish: "¿Dónde están?", 'Where are they?'. lit. Extremistan and Mediocristan – used by author
Nassim Nicholas Taleb to illustrate concepts of black swan theory in The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable
Filmistan – a film-production company
Fondukistan or Fondoqestān – an early medieval settlement and Buddhist monastery in Afghanistan
Gazimestan – name of a monument commemorating the historical Battle of Kosovo
Hamastan – a concept of a Palestinian Islamic government with Sharia as law
Iranistan – a pseudo-orientalist mansion built for P. T. Barnum in 1848 in Connecticut
Islamistan – means 'Land of Islam', used in various contexts
Londonistan – French counter-terrorism agents gave the British/English capital of London this sobriquet. Sometimes used derogatorily to refer to the large immigrant, especially Muslim, population in London.
Muristan – a complex of streets and shops in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem
– the title of the cover art for the 10 December 2001 ion of New Yorkistan magazine
The New Yorker The New Yorkistan map itself included various districts ending in -stan, e.g., Bronxistan, Cold Turkeystan, Fuhgeddabouditstan, Gaymenistan, Taxistan, Youdontunderstandistan, etc.
Paganistan – the pagan/neo-pagan community of Minneapolis-Saint Paul in Minnesota 
Quebecistan – a term coined by Barbara Kay in 2006
Sarvestan – a Sasanian-era palace in the Iranian province of Sarvestan
Shabestan – an underground space, usually found in traditional architecture of mosques, houses, and schools in ancient Persia
Shahrestan (several meanings) Skateistan – a skateboarding/educational organization based in Kabul, Afghanistan
See also [ ]
References [ ]
Hayyim, Sulayman (1892), "ستان", New Persian-English Dictionary, 2, Tehran: Librairie imprimerie Béroukhim, p. 30 Quote= ستان (p. V2-0030) ستان (۲) Suffix meaning 'a place abounding in'. Ex. گلستان a flower or rose-garden. Syn. زار See گازار Note. This suffix is pronounced stan or setan after a vowel, as in بوستان boostan, a garden, and هندوستان hendoostan, India; and estan after a consonant. Ex. گلستان golestan, and ترکستان torkestan. However, for poetic license, after a consonant also, it may be pronounced setan. Ex. گلستان golsetan
Steingass, Francis Joseph, "ستان", A Comprehensive Persian-English Dictionary, p. 655, stān (after a vowel), istān (after a consonant), Place where anything abounds, as ḵẖurmāstān, A palm-grove, gulistān, A flower-garden, &c.
Macdonell, Arthur Anthony. A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press, 1929 – University of Chicago
Google Ngram Uzbekia, Kirgizia, Turkmenia, Tajikia
Becker, Seymour (2004). . Routledge. p. 553. Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865–1924 ISBN . 1-134-33582-2 As early as June 1920, Lenin had toyed with the idea of dividing Russian Turkestan into three national regions: Uzbekia, Kirgizia and Turkmenia.
"Turmoil in the North East: The demand for Bangalistan". SabrangIndia. 28 January 2020 . Retrieved . 16 April 2020
"Lebanese solution " 15 Jul 1978 " The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive.
"Lojbnaistan". lojban wiki. 4 November 2013 . Retrieved . 30 March 2017
Cowan, John Waldemar (1997). "1". The Complete Lojban Language (First ed.). Fairfax, VA, USA: The Logical Language Group. p. 3. ISBN . 0-9660283-0-9
Stuart, Keith (31 May 2019). "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare returns to tread a moral minefield". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved . 25 September 2019
Allan, Chantal (2009). . Athabasca University Press. pp. Bomb Canada: And Other Unkind Remarks in the American Media 84–85. ISBN . 978-1-897425-49-7 soviet%20canuckistan%20arab%20canadians.
"Cavaquistão continua irredutível e a votar laranja ("Cavaquistan remains unyielding and voting orange") (in Portuguese)". Visão. 6 October 2019.
Carla Fernandes (2016). . Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 27. Multimodality and Performance ISBN . 978-1-4438-9465-4
Dibyesh Anand (15 October 2011). . Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 34–. Hindu Nationalism in India and the Politics of Fear ISBN . 978-0-230-36263-5
"Govt blocks 18 sites to check hate messages". The Times of India. 19 July 2006. Archived from the original on 27 May 2013 . Retrieved . 15 December 2015
Pizza, Murphy (2009). "Schism as midwife: how conflict aided the birth of a contemporary Pagan community". In Lewis, James R.; Lewis, Sarah M. (eds.). Sacred schisms: how religions divide (PDF). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 249–261. ISBN . Archived from 978-0-511-58071-0 the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011 . Retrieved . 25 May 2011 [...] the Pagan community of the Minnesota Twin Cities, otherwise known by members as 'Paganistan.'
Further reading [ ]
External links [ ]