-or

Examples
  • dancer from dance
  • lyricist from lyric
  • trustor from trust

In linguistics, an agent noun (in Latin, nomen agentis) is a word that is derived from another word denoting an action, and that identifies an entity that does that action.[1] For example, "driver" is an agent noun formed from the verb "drive".[2]

Usually, derived in the above definition has the strict sense attached to it in morphology, that is the derivation takes as an input a lexeme (an abstract unit of morphological analysis) and produces a new lexeme. However, the classification of morphemes into derivational morphemes (see word formation) and inflectional ones is not generally a straightforward theoretical question, and different authors can make different decisions as to the general theoretical principles of the classification as well as to the actual classification of morphemes presented in a grammar of some language (for example, of the agent noun-forming morpheme).

Words related to agent noun[]

Polish agental suffixes
-cz bieg-ać 'to run' bieg-acz 'runner'
-rz pis-ać 'to write' pis-arz 'writer'
-c kraw-ać 'to cut' kraw-iec 'tailor'
-ca daw-ać 'to give' daw-ca 'giver'
-k pis-ać 'to write' pis-ak 'marker' (pen)
skak-ać 'to jump' skocz-ek 'jumper'
chodz-ić 'to walk' chodz-ik 'walker' (walking aid)
-l nos-ić 'to carry' nos-ic-iel 'carrier'
-nik pracow-ać 'to work' pracow-nik 'worker'
rob-ić 'to do' 'to work'
rob-ot-a 'work'
rob-ot-nik 'worker'
praw-ić 'to orate' 'to moralize'
praw-o 'law'
praw-y 'right' 'righteous'
praw-nik 'lawyer'
-y las 'forest'
leś-nik 'forester'
leś-nicz-y 'forester'

An agentive suffix or agentive prefix is commonly used to form an agent noun from a verb. Examples:

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "agent noun". Oxford Learner's Dictionaries. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  2. ^ Panther, Klaus-Uwe; Thornburg, Linda L.; Barcelona, Antonio (2009). Metonymy and metaphor in grammar. 25. John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 101. ISBN 978-90-272-2379-1.
  3. ^ Aronson, Howard I. (1990). Georgian: A Reading Grammar. Corrected ion. Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers. pp. 119–120.
  4. ^ ""Agent noun-اسم فاعل" in Dehkhoda Dictionary". Parsi Wiki.
  5. ^ "Suffixes of Russian Nouns - Examples and Translation of Russian Suffixes". masterrussian.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15.

External links[]

Further reading[]