-ana (variant: -iana) is a Latin-origin suffix that is used in English to convert nouns—usually proper names—into mass nouns, most commonly in order to refer to a collection of things, facts, stories, memorabilia, and anything else, that relate to a specific place, period, person, etc.
For instance, Americana is used to refer to things that are distinctive of the US, while Canadiana is for Canada; in literature, Shakespeareana and Dickensiana are similarly used in reference to items or stories related to William Shakespeare or Charles Dickens, respectively.
The suffix -ana, -iana, or -eana have also often been used in the titles of musical works, as a way for a composer to pay tribute to an earlier composer or noted performer.
The suffix has been around since at least the 16th century, typically in book titles, with the first recorded use of -ana being between 1720 to 1730.
The recognition of the usage of -ana or -iana as a self-conscious literary construction, on the other hand, traces back to at least 1740, when it was mentioned in an ion of Scaligerana, a collection of table talk of Joseph Justus Scaliger, from around 150 years previously. By that period, Scaliger was described as "the father, so to speak, of all those books published under the title of -ana."
As grammatical construction, it is the neuter plural, nominative form of an adjective. So, from Scaliger is formed first the adjective Scaligeranus (Scaligeran), which is then put into the form of an abstract noun, Scaligerana (Scaligeran things). In Americana, a variant construction, the adjectival form already exists as Americanus, so it is simply a neuter plural (suffix –a on the stem American-); the case of Victoriana (things associated with the Victorian period) is superficially similar, but the Latin adjective form is Dog Latin.
In 1718, Charles Gildon subtitled The Complete Art of Poetry with "Shakespeariana; or the most beautiful topicks, descriptions, and similes that occur throughout all Shakespear's plays."
In 1728, Jonathan Smedley had a work titled Gulliveriana: or a Fourth Volume of Miscellanies, being a sequel of the three volumes published by Pope and Swift, to which is added Alexanderiana, or a comparison between the ecclesiastical and poetical Popes and many things in verse and prose relating to the latter.
The suffix -iana, -eana or -ana has often been used in the titles of musical works, as a way of a composer paying a tribute to an earlier composer or a noted performer.
|Albeniziana||Joan Gibert Camins||Isaac Albéniz|
|Bachianas Brasileiras||Heitor Villa-Lobos||Johann Sebastian Bach|
|Bartokiana||George Rochberg||Béla Bartók|
|Fantasia Busoniana||John Ogdon||Ferruccio Busoni|
|Chopiniana||Alexander Glazunov||Frédéric Chopin|
|Cimarosiana||Gian Francesco Malipiero||Domenico Cimarosa|
|Ode Corelliana||Salvatore Di Vittorio||Arcangelo Corelli|
|Debussiana||James Rhinehart||Claude Debussy|
|Donizettiana||Myer Fredman||Gaetano Donizetti|
|Dussekiana||Eric Gross||František Xaver Dušek|
|Frescobaldiana||Vittorio Giannini||Girolamo Frescobaldi|
|Gabrieliana||Gian Francesco Malipiero||Giovanni Gabrieli|
|Gershwiniana||Steven Gerber||George Gershwin|
|Handeliana||Józef Koffler||George Frideric Handel|
|Ivesiana (ballet)||George Balanchine||Charles Ives|
|Koschatiana||Ernst Bacon||Thomas Koschat|
|Lisztiana||Dmitri Rogal-Levitski and Jean-François Grancher||Franz Liszt|
|Mahleriana||Domenico Giannetta||Gustav Mahler|
|Mozartiana||Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky||Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart|
|Nazaretheana||Stephen Whittington||Ernesto Nazareth|
|Nordraakiana||Johan Halvorsen||Rikard Nordraak|
|Offenbachiana||Juan José Castro and Manuel Rosenthal||Jacques Offenbach|
|Offenbachiana||Maciej Malecki||Jacques Offenbach|
|Paganiniana||Alfredo Casella||Niccolò Paganini|
|Paganiana [sic] (piano four hands)||Charles Camilleri|
|Pedrelliana||Manuel de Falla and Roberto Gerhard||Felip Pedrell|
|Prestilagoyana||Pierre Wissmer||Ida Presti and Alexandre Lagoya|
|Purcelliana||Alfred Akon||Henry Purcell|
|Ode Corelliana||Salvatore Di Vittorio||Arcangelo Corelli|
|Overture Respighiana||Ottorino Respighi|
|Rossiniane||Mauro Giuliani||Gioachino Rossini|
|Sarasateana||Efrem Zimbalist||Pablo de Sarasate|
|Scarlattiana||Alfredo Casella and Noam Sheriff||Domenico Scarlatti|
|Schumanniana||Vincent d'Indy||Robert Schumann|
|Segoviana||Darius Milhaud||Andrés Segovia|
|Soleriana||Joaquín Rodrigo||Antonio Soler|
|Stevensonia (orchestral suite, 1917 and 1922)||Edward Burlingame Hill||Robert Louis Stevenson|
|Straussiana||Erich Wolfgang Korngold||Johann Strauss II|
|Tartiniana||Luigi Dallapiccola||Giuseppe Tartini|
|Tchaikovskiana||Myer Fredman, Tasmin Little, and John Lenehan||Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky|
|Telemanniana||Hans Werner Henze||Georg Philipp Telemann|
|Thomsoniana||Peggy Glanville-Hicks||Virgil Thomson|
|Verdiana||Tutti Camarata||Giuseppe Verdi|
|Viottiana||Luciano Sgrizzi||Giovanni Battista Viotti|
|Vivaldiana||Gian Francesco Malipiero and Ede Terenyi||Antonio Vivaldi|
|Work||Type of work||Creator||Notes|
|Asturiana (1942)||symphony||María Teresa Prieto|
|Canadiana Suite (1964)||album||Oscar Peterson|
|Freudiana||rock-opera album||Eric Woolfson||Woolfon's first solo album, named after pioneer psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.|
|Frostiana (1959)||musical piece||Randall Thompson||The work involves 7 poems of Robert Frost, whom the piece is named after.|
|Kentuckiana: Divertissement On 20 Kentucky Airs, for 2 Pianos, 4 Hands (1948)||composition||Darius Milhaud|
|Kreisleriana||piano suite||Robert Schumann||The piece is named after the fictional literary character Johannes Kreisler created by E. T. A. Hoffmann.|
|Symphony No. 4 (1952) - originally entitled Sinfonia shakespeariana||symphony||Gösta Nystroem|
|Vincentiana||symphony||Einojuhani Rautavaara||This piece was named in honour of Vincent van Gogh and reuses some material from Rautavaara's earlier opera on van Gogh, titled Vincent.|
|Gillespiana (1960)||album||Dizzy Gillespie||The album featured compositions by Lalo Schifrin.|
|Glinkaiana, Medtneriana, and Scriabiniana||ballets||These three ballets were staged in the Soviet Union in the early 20th century, set to music by their respective namesakes: Mikhail Glinka, Nikolai Medtner and Alexander Scriabin.|
|Look up -ana in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|