This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically the sulfotransferases, which transfer sulfur-containing groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 3'-phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase. Other names in common use include heparin-glucosamine 3-O-sulfotransferase, 3'-phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:heparin-glucosamine 3-O-sulfotransferase, glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase, heparan sulfate D-glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase, and isoform/isozyme 1 (3-OST-1, HS3ST1). This enzyme participates in heparan sulfate biosynthesis and glycan structures - biosynthesis 1.
As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1VKJ and 1ZRH.
Kusche M, Backstrom G, Riesenfeld J, Petitou M, Choay J, Lindahl U (1988). "Biosynthesis of heparin. O-sulfation of the antithrombin-binding region". J. Biol. Chem. 263 (30): 15474–84. PMID3139669.