(R)-limonene synthase

(R)-limonene synthase
Identifiers
EC no.4.2.3.20
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

In enzymology, a (R)-limonene synthase (EC 4.2.3.20) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible chemical reaction

geranyl diphosphate (+)-(4R)-limonene + diphosphate

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, geranyl diphosphate, and two products, (+)-(4R)-limonene and diphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically those carbon-oxygen lyases acting on phosphates. The systematic name of this enzyme class is geranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [cyclizing, (+)-(4R)-limonene-forming]. Other names in common use include (+)-limonene synthase, and geranyldiphosphate diphosphate lyase [(+)-(R)-limonene-forming]. This enzyme participates in monoterpenoid biosynthesis and is localized to Leucoplasts of oil gland secretory cells.[1]

References[]

  1. ^ Turner G, Gershenzon J, Nielson EE, Froehlich JE, Croteau R (July 1999). "Limonene synthase, the enzyme responsible for monoterpene biosynthesis in peppermint, is localized to leucoplasts of oil gland secretory cells". Plant Physiology. 120 (3): 879–86. doi:10.1104/pp.120.3.879. PMC 59327. PMID 10398724.

Further reading[]