(R)-2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate carboxy-lyase (4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate-forming)

4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase
Identifiers
EC no.4.1.1.44
CAS no.37289-46-6
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.44) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate 4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate + CO2

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate, and two products, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate and CO2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate carboxy-lyase (4,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate-forming). Other names in common use include gamma-4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase, and 4-carboxymuconolactone carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in benzoate degradation via hydroxylation.

Structural studies[]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2AF7.

References[]