(1S,2S,4S,5R)-6-methoxycyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol

Pinitol
Chemical structure of pinitol
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
(1R,2S,3R,4S,5S,6S)-6-Methoxycyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol
Other names
3-O-Methyl-D-chiro-inositol
D-(+)-chiro-Inositol
D-Pinitol
Inzitol
D-(+)-Pinitol
(+)-Pinitol
Sennitol
Pinnitol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C7H14O6/c1-13-7-5(11)3(9)2(8)4(10)6(7)12/h2-12H,1H3/t2-,3-,4-,5-,6+,7+/m0/s1 checkY
    Key: DSCFFEYYQKSRSV-KLJZZCKASA-N checkY
  • CO[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O
Properties
C7H14O6
Molar mass 194.183 g·mol−1
Melting point 179 to 185 °C (354 to 365 °F; 452 to 458 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Pinitol is a cyclitol, a cyclic polyol. It is a known anti-diabetic agent isolated from Sutherlandia frutescens leaves.[1][2] Gall plant tannins can be differentiated by their content of pinitol.[3] It was first identified in the sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana).[4] It is also found in other plants, such as in the pods of the carob tree.[5]

Certain variants of the bacteria Pseudomonas putida have been used in organic synthesis, the first example being the oxidation of benzene, employed by Steven Ley in the synthesis of (±)-pinitol.[6]

Glycosides[]

Ciceritol is a pinitol digalactoside that can be isolated from seeds of chickpea, lentil and white lupin.[7]

A cyclitol derivative can be found in the marine sponge Petrosia sp.[8]

References[]

  1. ^ Narayanan, C. R.; Joshi, D. D.; Mujumdar, A. M.; Dhenke, V. V. (1987). "Pinitol—A new anti-diabetic compound from the leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis" (PDF). Current Science. 56 (3): 139–141. JSTOR 24091051.
  2. ^ "Introduction Sutherlandia frutesoens—Kankerbossie" (PDF). Afrikaanse Kruiden. 2005-08-04. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-14.
  3. ^ Sanz, M. Luz; Martínez-Castro, Isabel; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria (2008). "Identification of the origin of commercial enological tannins by the analysis of monosaccharides and polyalcohols". Food Chemistry. 111 (3): 778–783. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.04.050. S2CID 84922451.
  4. ^ Anderson, Arthur B.; MacDonald, D. L.; Fischer, Hermann O. L. (1952). "The structure of pinitol". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 74 (6): 1479–1480. doi:10.1021/ja01126a036. S2CID 101698212.
  5. ^ Tetik, Nedim; Yüksel, Esra (2014). "Ultrasound-assisted extraction of D-pinitol from carob pods using Response Surface Methodology". Ultrasonics Sonochemistry. 21 (2): 860–865. doi:10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.09.008. PMID 24090831. S2CID 28123933.
  6. ^ Ley, Steven V.; Sternfeld, Francine; Taylor, Stephen (1987). "Microbial oxidation in synthesis: A six step preparation of (±)-pinitol from benzene". Tetrahedron Letters. 28 (2): 225–226. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(00)95692-2. S2CID 83944164.
  7. ^ Quemener, Bernard; Brillouet, Jean-Marc (1983). "Ciceritol, a pinitol digalactoside from seeds of chickpea, lentil and white lupin". Phytochemistry. 22 (8): 1745–1751. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80263-0. S2CID 84765529.
  8. ^ Kim, Dong-Kyoo; Lim, Young Ja; Kim, Jung Sun; Park, Jong Hee; Kim, Nam Deuk; Im, Kwang Sik; Hong, Jongki; Jung, Jee H. (1999). "A cyclitol derivative as a replication inhibitor from the marine sponge Petrosia sp". Journal of Natural Products. 62 (5): 773–776. doi:10.1021/np9804785. PMID 10346968. S2CID 20297208.

External links[]