(1E,3E)-4-hydroxybuta-1,3-diene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate 1,2-hydro-lyase (2-hydroxy-4-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate-forming)

4-oxalmesaconate hydratase
Identifiers
EC no.4.2.1.83
CAS no.85204-95-1
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 4-oxalmesaconate hydratase (EC 4.2.1.83) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-hydroxy-4-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate (E)-4-oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate + H2O

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-hydroxy-4-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate, and two products, (E)-4-oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the hydro-lyases, which cleave carbon-oxygen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-hydroxy-4-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate 2,3-hydro-lyase [(E)-4-oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate-forming]. Other names in common use include 4-carboxy-2-oxohexenedioate hydratase, 4-carboxy-2-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate 2,3-hydro-lyase, oxalmesaconate hydratase, gamma-oxalmesaconate hydratase, 4-carboxy-2-oxohexenedioate hydratase, and 2-hydroxy-4-oxobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate 2,3-hydro-lyase. This enzyme participates in benzoate degradation via hydroxylation.

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