'Usfurids

Usfurids dynasty
الدولة العصفورية
1253–1320
The borders of the Usfurid emirate
The borders of the Usfurid emirate
Capitalal-Hasa
Common languagesArabic
Religion
Islam
GovernmentEmirate
Historical era13th-14th centuries
• Established
1253
• Disestablished
1320
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Uyunid Emirate
Jarwanid dynasty
Today part ofSaudi Arabia
Bahrain
Kuwait
Qatar
United Arab Emirates

The Usfurids (Arabic: آل عصفور, romanizedAl ʿUṣfūr) were an Arab dynasty that in 1253 gained control of Eastern Arabia, including the islands of Bahrain. They were a branch of Uqaylids who re-migrated to Arabia after the fall of their rule in Syria.[1]

Name[]

The dynasty is named after the its founder, ʿUṣfūr bin Rāshid (عُصْفُور بِن رَاشِد). The name ʿUṣfūr (عصفور) means small bird.

History[]

They were initially allies of the Qarmatians and their successors, the Uyunids, but eventually overthrew the latter and seized power themselves.[2] The Usfurids' takeover came after Uyunid power had been weakened by invasion in 1235 by the Salghurid Atabeg of Fars.

The Usfurids at the beginning of their rule had a state that composed of central and eastern Arabia and even ruled parts of Oman.[3][4] After 150 years of rule the Usfurids were overthrown by the Jarwanids whom in turn were overthrown by the Jabrids who were also an Uqaylid dynasty.

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Khanam, R. (2005). Encyclopaedic Ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia. Global Vision Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-8220-065-4.
  2. ^ Joseph Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilization, Taylor and Francis, 2006, p95
  3. ^ Al-Khalifa (2014-10-17). Bahrain Through The Ages. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-14650-3.
  4. ^ Khanam, R. (2005). Encyclopaedic Ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia. Global Vision Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-8220-065-4.

External links[]