'Tis (Frank McCourt) coverart.jpg
Cover of 'Tis
AuthorFrank McCourt
CountryUnited States
Published1999 (Scribner)
Pages368 pp
Preceded byAngela's Ashes 
Followed byTeacher Man 

'Tis is a memoir written by Frank McCourt. Published in 1999, it begins where McCourt ended Angela's Ashes, his Pulitzer Prize winning memoir of his impoverished childhood in Ireland and his return to America.[1][2]


The book begins as McCourt lands at Albany, New York, and quickly makes his way to New York City. Friendless and clueless about American customs, he struggles to integrate himself into American blue-collar society. He is then drafted into the US Army, sent to Europe, and rises to the rank of corporal. On his stay in Germany, he has confrontations with many people who try to show Frank how to get a Russian refugee girl to have sexual intercourse with him by giving her coffee or cigarettes. He is granted leave from the army as compensation for his exceptional service as a clerk-typist and goes back home to Ireland to see his family. He then decides to return to the US, where he attends New York University – despite never having graduated from high school. He falls in love with and eventually marries a middle-class American-born girl, Alberta Small (nicknamed Mike), whom he meets at university.

After graduating from NYU, he teaches English and social studies at McKee Vocational and Technical High School on Staten Island. There, he is forced to deal with apathetic, indifferent students. Eventually, he moves on to teaching at the prestigious Stuyvesant High School. At Stuyvesant, he revises his teaching style to end his reliance on books and other teaching resources, to become an effective teacher.

'Tis examines Frank's relationship to his family and his wife during this time (all his siblings and his mother move to America over the course of the book). Frank's father, who sometimes visits his children, is still drinking and his children will never forgive him totally. Eventually, Frank's relationship with his wife turns sour, and they stay together as long as they do only because of their daughter, Margaret Ann (named after Frank's sister who died in infancy, and his grandmother, who is described in Angela's Ashes). Nonetheless, Frank finally leaves them, an action he compares to that of his father leaving his family.

Frank's mother, Angela McCourt, is in increasingly bad health due to emphysema and dies in New York around the same time as Frank's father, Malachy McCourt, Sr., dies in Ireland. Frank goes to Ireland to bury his father and scatter his mother's ashes. The book ends after Frank and his brothers scatter Angela's ashes over the graves of her family.

"'Tis" was the final and only word of the last chapter of Angela's Ashes, while 'Tis ends with the spreading of Angela McCourt's ashes in Ireland. Frank McCourt has remarked in several interviews (perhaps joking) that he originally intended for each book to have the other's title.

Frank McCourt followed this book with another memoir, Teacher Man.

Character list[]

Frank McCourt: The narrator and author of the book and an immigrant from Ireland, he has a deep love for literature and eventually goes on to marry Alberta after attending NYU. He taught as a school teacher for the latter part of his life, despite many offers to work for higher pay in the auto industry and loading docks.

Alberta Smalls: Also known as "Mike" during her college years, she and Frank meet in college during one of their classes together. Although she had trouble dealing with Frank's frequent drinking problem, they push through together and eventually get married.

Tom Clifford: A roommate of Frank's before he left for high school, Tom eventually leaves for Detroit to work in an auto factory, and urges Frank to join him. Frank declines, citing his desire to go to college as reason to stay.

Margaret Ann: Named after Frank's sister, Margaret is presented to him with black marks on her feet which Frank mistakenly assumes is a birthmark. This ruins his imagining of his daughter running shoeless on the beach. Frank's brother Malachy speaks to Frank over the telephone and calls him 'an ass' - explaining that the hospital likely took footprints (instead of fingerprints).

Content and structure[]

The title of the book comes from the last sentence of the previous memoir, "Tis", an answer to a rhetorical question.[3]

The memoir has been criticized because it ignores McCourt's marriage to psychotherapist Cheryl Floyd.[1]

Critical reception[]

L.S. Keep of Entertainment Weekly, described the memoir as a good successor of Angela's Ashes, concluding that "this book has the same clairvoyant eye for quirks of class, character, and fate, and also a distinct picaresque quality. It’s a quest for an America of wholesome Hollywood happiness that doesn’t exist, and it’s about the real America — rendered with comic affection — that McCourt discovers along the way. "[3] Similarly, Margo Hammond of the St. Petersburg Times found the memoir a good read, though McCourt was unable to provide a satisfactory narrative arch to the work.[4] Commenting for the public radio station WKMS, Jacque Day called the memoir "an exercise in humanity by a man with a rare gift for a story, and a brogue that sings on."[5]


  1. ^ a b "Frank McCourt". The Telegraph (UK). Retrieved Jun 16, 2016.
  2. ^ "Frank McCourt on Tis'". NPR.org. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  3. ^ a b "'Tis". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  4. ^ "Perspective: 'Tis Time". The Saint Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  5. ^ Day, Jacque. "Good Read: "Tis: A Memoir" by Frank McCourt". wkms.org. Retrieved 2016-06-16.