Muhammad 'Ilish
Born1802 CE (1217 AH)
Cairo, Egypt Eyalet
Died1882 CE (1299 AH)
Cairo, Khedivate of Egypt
EraOttoman Caliphate
Main interest(s)Fiqh
Known forMuslim jurist

Muhammad 'Ilish (1802 - 1882 CE) (1217 - 1299 AH) (Arabic: محمد عليش), more commonly referred to in Muslim works simply as 'Ilish or Sheikh 'Ilish, was a 19th-century CE Egyptian Muslim jurist of Tripolitanian origin. 'Illish was an important late scholar of the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh). He is perhaps the last of a line of widely read and respected sources of traditional fatwas of the late Maliki school from an Azharite scholar. 'Ilish was an extremely popular teacher at Al-Azhar. His lectures were regularly attended by audiences of over 200 students. In July 1854, 'Ilish was appointed the Maliki Mufti of Al-Azhar. By the time of his death in 1882, 'Ilish was one of the premier leaders of Egyptian scholarly society.[1] His Manh al-Jalil as well as his Fatawa are widely used today among traditional Malikis for fatwa positions of the school.[2]

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  1. ^ Islamic Reform and Conservatism: Al-Azhar and the Evolution of Modern Sunni Islam. p.99.
  2. ^ Nasir ud-Deen Muhammad al-Sharif, Al-Jawahir al-Ikliliya fi A'yaan 'Ulama Libya min al-Malikiyya (Amman: Dar al-Bayareeq, 1999).