The Dutch hybrid elm cultivarUlmus × hollandica 'Groeneveld' was cloned in 1949 at the De Dorschkamp Institute, Wageningen, and released in 1963 in response to the earlier, less virulent form of Dutch elm disease that afflicted Europe shortly after the First World War. The cultivar was derived from a crossing of Dutch clones '49', (originally believed to be an English Wych Elm Ulmus glabra but later identified as another example of Ulmus × hollandica) and '1', a Field Elm Ulmus minor found in central France and marketed by the Barbier nursery in Orléans.
The tree is slow growing, and produces a dense, upswept growth which initially made it popular as a street tree in the Netherlands. The dark-green obovate leaves are < 9 cm long by 4 cm broad, arranged in clusters on short branchlets.
Pests and diseases
'Groeneveld' has good resistance to Coral-spot fungus Nectria cinnabarina, and Black Spot.
However, like all the other Dutch hybrids released before 1989, it proved to have only marginal resistance, rated 3 out of 5  to the later, virulent form of Dutch elm disease and consequently planting is no longer recommended where the disease is prevalent.
'Groeneveld' was also introduced elsewhere in Europe, including Britain, in small numbers. The tree was planted in trials  in Canberra, Australia started in 1988, but has not shown promise in that environment so far; it has however proved popular in New Zealand. There are several specimens in American arboreta (see under Accessions).