ʽAziziya is located in Libya
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E / 32.53083°N 13.02111°E / 32.53083; 13.02111
Country Libya
Elevation390 ft (119 m)
 • Total23,399
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)

ʽAziziya (Anglicized: /əˈzzə/; Arabic: العزيزيةal-ʿAzīziyyah / al-ʻAzīzīyah / al-ʿazīzīya), sometimes spelled El Azizia, is a small town and it was the capital of the Jafara district in northwestern Libya, 41 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of the capital Tripoli. From 1918 to 1922 it was the capital of the Tripolitanian Republic, the first formal republic in the Arab world. Before 2001 it was in the ʽAziziya District and its capital. ʽAziziya is a major trade centre of the Sahel Jeffare plateau, being on a trade route from the coast to the Nafusa Mountains and the Fezzan region to the south.[citation needed] As of 2006, the town's population has been estimated at over 23,399.[1]

Geography and climate[]

According to the Köppen climate classification, ‘Aziziya has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh). On 13 September 1922, a high temperature of 58.0 °C (136.4 °F) was recorded in Al-ʿAzīzīyah. This was long considered the highest temperature ever measured on Earth, however this record was deemed illegitimate in 2012 after an investigation by the WMO.[2][3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b c 15 years and older (Libyan and non-Libyan) see
  2. ^ "Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation". National Climatic Data Center. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 3 December 2008.
  3. ^ "World: Highest Temperature". World Weather / Climate Extremes Archive. Arizona State University. 2012. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  4. ^ El Fadli, KI; et al. (September 2012). "World Meteorological Organization Assessment of the Purported World Record 58°C Temperature Extreme at El Azizia, Libya (13 September 1922)". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 94 (2): 199. Bibcode:2013BAMS...94..199E. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00093.1.
  5. ^ "WMO Press release No. 956". World Meteorological Organization. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2016.

Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E / 32.53083°N 13.02111°E / 32.53083; 13.02111