ʽAziziya is located in Libya
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E / 32.53083°N 13.02111°E / 32.53083; 13.02111
Country Libya
Elevation390 ft (119 m)
 • Total23,399
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)

ʽAziziya (Anglicized: /əˈzzə/; Arabic: العزيزيةal-ʿAzīziyyah / al-ʻAzīzīyah / al-ʿazīzīya), sometimes spelled El Azizia, is a small town and it was the capital of the Jafara district in northwestern Libya, 41 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of the capital Tripoli. From 1918-22 it was the capital of the Tripolitanian Republic, the first formal republic in the Arab world. Before 2001 it was in the ʽAziziya District and its capital. ʽAziziya is a major trade centre of the Sahel Jeffare plateau, being on a trade route from the coast to the Nafusa Mountains and the Fezzan region to the south[citation needed]. As of 2006, the town's population has been estimated at over 23,399.[1]

Geography and climate[]

According to the Köppen climate classification, ‘Aziziya has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh). On 13 September 1922, a high temperature of 58.0 °C (136.4 °F) was recorded in Al-ʿAzīzīyah. This was long considered the highest temperature ever measured on Earth, however this record was deemed illegitimate in 2012 after an investigation by the WMO [2][3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b c 15 years and older (Libyan and non-Libyan) see
  2. ^ "Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation". National Climatic Data Center. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 3 December 2008.
  3. ^ "World: Highest Temperature". World Weather / Climate Extremes Archive. Arizona State University. 2012. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  4. ^ El Fadli, KI; et al. (September 2012). "World Meteorological Organization Assessment of the Purported World Record 58°C Temperature Extreme at El Azizia, Libya (13 September 1922)". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 94 (2): 199. Bibcode:2013BAMS...94..199E. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00093.1.
  5. ^ "WMO Press release No. 956". World Meteorological Organization. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2016.

Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E / 32.53083°N 13.02111°E / 32.53083; 13.02111