The terrain consists of plateaus of varying heights, with the Aynata itself located at an elevation of 740m. Several valleys separate Aynata from the nearest villages. Aynata has a moderate climate, cool summers and cold winters.
In 1596, it was named as a village, ‘’Aynata’’ in the Ottomannahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 111 households and 22 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, vineyards, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and a fixed sum; a total of 10,560 akçe.
During the 2006 Lebanon War, on July 19, an Israeli missile killed 4 civilians in the village. On July 24, Israel shelled two houses in the village; killing all inside both houses. One house had 4 Hezbollah fighters, the other house had 8 civilians, aged between 16 and 77.
Aaynata has a population of around 5,000 (dropping to 1,300 in the winter) and is 120 kilometers (74.568 mi) away from Beirut and sits 740 meters above sea level. The area borders Bent Jbayl, Aaitaroun, and Yaroun. It was occupied by Israel and most residents emigrated to Beirut’s southern suburbs. Israel pulled out of the area in 2000 and it has seen housing construction since that time. Tobacco and olives are grown in the area.
Hezbollah fatalities during 2006 Lebanon War
Mousa Yousuf Khanafer*
Amir Ibrahim Fadlallah
Jamil Mahmoud an-Nimr
Ali Muhammad as-Sayyid Ali
Mahir Muhammad Sayf ad-Din
Zayd Mahmoud Haydar*
Muhammad Dheeb Khanafer
Kazim Ali Khanafer
Ammar Habib Qawsan
Nazim Abdan-Nabi Nasrallah
Marwan Husayn Samhat*
Muhammad Hassan Samhat
Hassan Ismail Mustafa
Shakir Najib Ghanam
* The body of the fighter was captured by IDF and removed to Israel but was returned to Lebanon in the prisoner exchanges in 2007-08.
^From personal name, according to Palmer 1881, p. 66