'Asr

Asr prayer
Afternoon sun.jpg
Official nameصلاة العصر، الصلاة الوسطى، صلاة العشي، صلاة الآصال
Also calledAfternoon prayer
Observed byMuslims
TypeIslamic
SignificanceA Muslim prayer offered to God at the afternoon hour of the day.
ObservancesSunnah prayers
BeginsAfternoon
EndsSunset
FrequencyDaily
Related toSalah, Wazifa, Five Pillars of Islam
Asr prayer at The Holy Kaaba

The Asr prayer (Arabic: صلاة العصر ṣalāt al-ʿaṣr, "afternoon prayer") is one of the five mandatory salah (Islamic prayer). As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Asr prayer is technically the fifth prayer of the day.[1][better source needed] If counted from midnight, it is the third prayer of the day.[2][better source needed][3][better source needed]

The Asr prayer consists of four obligatory rakat. An additional four rakat are recommended to be performed before the obligatory rakat.[4] As with Zuhr prayer, if it is performed in congregation, the imam is silent except when announcing the takbir,[5] i'tidal,[6] and taslim.[7]

The period of Asr prayer begins approximately when the sun is halfway down from noon to sunset (various branches of Islam differ on the starting point; some say that it begins when the shadow of an object equals its actual length plus its shadow during noon, others say that the actual length must be doubled).[citation needed] Asr prayer ends at sunset, when Maghrib prayer begins.[citation needed] Shia Muslims are allowed to perform Zuhr and Asr prayers one after another, so they may perform the Asr prayer before the actual period begins.[citation needed] Barring the Hanafi school, which forbids prayer combination, Sunni Muslims may only do this if they are traveling and incapable of performing the prayers separately.[citation needed] Amongst Sunnis, Salafis allow the combining of prayers for a wide range of reasons such as when various needs or difficulties arise (taking precedence from Hanbali and Shafiite schools).[citation needed]

The Asr daily prayer is mentioned as the middle prayer in the Qur'an at sura 2 (Al-Baqara) and it is emphasized on the Muslims to protect this prayer meaning that it should be performed at all costs, ayat 238.[8] al-Asr is also the title of the 103rd chapter (sura) of the Qur’ān.

The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Furū al-Dīn) according to Shia Islam.

Name variations[]

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة العصر (Ṣalāt al-ʿAṣr)
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kashmir Persian, Kashmiri نماز دیگر، نماز عصر
Afghanistan, Pakistan Pashto مازدیګر,
Pakistan, India Urdu, Hindi نماز عصر,

अस्र नमाज़

(Asar namaaz)

Turkey Turkish Ikindi namazı
Sous (Morocco) Tashelhit ⵜⴰⵥⴰⵍⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵓⴽⵣⵉⵏ (Taẓallit n tukzin)
Rif (Morocco) Tarifit Řɛaṣaa
Azerbaijan Azeri Əsr namazı
Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namazi i pasditës
Balkans Bosnian Ikindija-namaz
Bangladesh, India Bengali আসর, আছর (Asor)
Greater Somalia Somali Salaada Casir
Malay World Indonesian, Malaysian, Basa Sunda Salat asar, Solat asar
Maldives Dhivehi އަސުރު ނަމާދު (Asuru namādhu)
Uzbekistan Uzbek Asr namozi
Kazakhstan Kazakh Екінті намазы (Ekinti namazy)

Format[]

The Asr prayer consist of four obligatory rakats, along with two or four sunnah rakats preceding it. Although, according to some madh'habs, it may be reduced to two rakaʿāt when travelling.[citation needed]

Ja'fari and Zaydi schools of thought[]

According to the Ja'fari and Zaydi schools of thought the time period within which the Asr prayer must be recited is the following:

However, it is very important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins. Letter 52 of Nahj al-Balagha contains instruction of Ali to his governors on the timings of salat, "The Asr prayers can be performed till the sun is still bright and enough time of the day is left for a person to cover a distance of six miles."

Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafi`i, and Maliki schools of thought[]

The time period within which the Asr prayer must be recited is the following:

The Islamic prophet Muhammad said, "He who observes Al-Bardan (i.e., Fajr and `Asr prayers) will enter Jannah."[11]

In another hadith: Muhammad said 'He who misses his Asr Salat (i.e. performs it after its specified time) is as if he had lost his wife, children and all his wealth.’ (Sahih Muslim)

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ The Islamic date (Hijri date) starts after Maghrib – Permanent Committee, AbdurRahman website, Published 9 September 2009, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  2. ^ see 'Glossary', Retrieved 12 July 2020
  3. ^ Significance of Offering The Isha Prayer and Its Benefits, QuranReading website, Published 29 January 2015, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  4. ^ Number of Rakaats for Prayers, MuslimConverts website, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  5. ^ A-llāhu akbar
  6. ^ Samiʿa-llāhu li-man ḥamidah
  7. ^ As-salāmu ʿalaykum wa raḥmatu llāh
  8. ^ Quran 2:238
  9. ^ "Ways to pray and more about Zohar and Asr".
  10. ^ If the length of an object is 'x' inches. Its shadow's length at noon will be 'y' inches. When the length of the shadow becomes x+y inches, the time for Asr will have set in according to the majority. According to the minority, the shadow must reach 2x+y inches in order for Asr to begin.
  11. ^ Sahih Bukhari Hadith #574