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|Official name||صلاة العصر، الصلاة الوسطى، صلاة العشي، صلاة الآصال|
|Also called||Afternoon prayer|
|Significance||A Muslim prayer offered to God at the afternoon hour of the day.|
|Related to||Salah, Wazifa, Five Pillars of Islam|
|Part of a series on|
The Asr prayer (Arabic: صلاة العصر ṣalāt al-ʿaṣr, "afternoon prayer") is one of the five mandatory salah (Islamic prayer). As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Asr prayer is technically the fifth prayer of the day.[better source needed] If counted from midnight, it is the third prayer of the day.[better source needed][better source needed]
The Asr prayer consists of four obligatory rakat. An additional four rakat are recommended to be performed before the obligatory rakat. As with Zuhr prayer, if it is performed in congregation, the imam is silent except when announcing the takbir, i'tidal, and taslim.
The period of Asr prayer begins approximately when the sun is halfway down from noon to sunset (various branches of Islam differ on the starting point; some say that it begins when the shadow of an object equals its actual length plus its shadow during noon, others say that the actual length must be doubled). Asr prayer ends at sunset, when Maghrib prayer begins. Shia Muslims are allowed to perform Zuhr and Asr prayers one after another, so they may perform the Asr prayer before the actual period begins. Barring the Hanafi school, which forbids prayer combination, Sunni Muslims may only do this if they are traveling and incapable of performing the prayers separately. Amongst Sunnis, Salafis allow the combining of prayers for a wide range of reasons such as when various needs or difficulties arise (taking precedence from Hanbali and Shafiite schools).
The Asr daily prayer is mentioned as the middle prayer in the Qur'an at sura 2 (Al-Baqara) and it is emphasized on the Muslims to protect this prayer meaning that it should be performed at all costs, ayat 238. al-Asr is also the title of the 103rd chapter (sura) of the Qur’ān.
|Arab World||Arabic||صلاة العصر (Ṣalāt al-ʿAṣr)|
|Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kashmir||Persian, Kashmiri||نماز دیگر، نماز عصر|
|Pakistan, India||Urdu, Hindi||نماز عصر,
|Sous (Morocco)||Tashelhit||ⵜⴰⵥⴰⵍⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵓⴽⵣⵉⵏ (Taẓallit n tukzin)|
|Albania, Kosovo||Albanian||Namazi i pasditës|
|Bangladesh, India||Bengali||আসর, আছর (Asor)|
|Greater Somalia||Somali||Salaada Casir|
|Malay World||Indonesian, Malaysian, Basa Sunda||Salat asar, Solat asar|
|Maldives||Dhivehi||އަސުރު ނަމާދު (Asuru namādhu)|
|Kazakhstan||Kazakh||Екінті намазы (Ekinti namazy)|
The Asr prayer consist of four obligatory rakats, along with two or four sunnah rakats preceding it. Although, according to some madh'habs, it may be reduced to two rakaʿāt when travelling.
However, it is very important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins. Letter 52 of Nahj al-Balagha contains instruction of Ali to his governors on the timings of salat, "The Asr prayers can be performed till the sun is still bright and enough time of the day is left for a person to cover a distance of six miles."
The time period within which the Asr prayer must be recited is the following:
In another hadith: Muhammad said 'He who misses his Asr Salat (i.e. performs it after its specified time) is as if he had lost his wife, children and all his wealth.’ (Sahih Muslim)