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. (July 2020)
Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, (Arabic: علي العريضي بن جعفر الصادق ʿAlī al-ʿUrayḍī ibn Jaʿfar al-Sādiq) better known simply as Ali al-Uraidhi, was the son of Ja'far al-Sadiq and the brother of Isma'il, Musa al-Kadhim, Abdullah al-Aftah, and Muhammad Al-Dibaj. He was known by the title al-Uraidhi, because he lived in an area called Uraidh, about 4 miles (or 6.4 km) from Medina. He was also known by the nickname Abu Hasan (i.e. father of Hasan). He was a great Muslim scholar.
Ali al-Uraidhi (علي العريضي) was born and raised in Medina. He was the youngest son of Ja'far al-Sadiq. After his father died whilst he was still a child, he left Medina for the town of Al-Uraidh, where he settled and became the sheikh of all Banu Hashim and the Naqib (prefect) of the descendants of Muhammad.
He was a diligent worshipper, generous and a great scholar.
He lived approximately 100 years, until the time of his brother Musa al-Kadhim’s great-grandson Ali al-Hadi (828-868) and died in Al-Uraidh and was buried there.
The children and descendants of Ali al-Uraidhi became known as al-Uraidhiyun. They inhabited many areas, including Al-Uraidh, Kufa, Baghdad, Sham (Greater Syria), Nusaybin, Turkey, Ahwaz, Rayy (Tehran), Isfahan, Yazd, Qom, Khwarazm and Afghanistan.
His sons were:
- Ahmad al-Sha'rani
- Ja'far al-Asghar
- Muhammad al-Naqib - who was born in Medina. After his father died, he left for Basra, where he became the Naqib (prefect) of the Ahl al-Bayt. He was a man of great learning who preferred isolation and was known for his zuhd (abstinence).
- Isa al-Rumi - He was a great 'alim (learned scholar) and ‘arif (spiritual master). He was the Naqib of the Ahl al-Bayt in Basra.
- Ahmad al-Muhajir (873-956/260-345H) - who was born in Basra. Al-Tabari, the famous 'alim and historian, held him in great esteem and gave him immense respect. He held the company of Bishr al-Hafi, among others. After performing Hajj in 318 A.H. he migrated to Hadhramaut in the same year and settled there. From Hadhramaut he called people to God. He was given the title Al-Muhajjir (the Emigrant) primarily because he had travelled the path to God and secondarily because he had emigrated from Iraq to Hadhramaut. From Hadhramaut his descendants became the illustrious Alawi sadat, and most Sayyid’s and Habib’s residing in Indonesia and Southeast Asia are descended from him.
- Alawi - who became a great Imam. It is from his name from whom the name of the tribe Bani Alawi is derived. Therefore, the Bani Alawi is the Ashraaf sadat (noble descendants) of Muhammad. Furthermore, many families in Hadhramaut, India, the Hejaz, Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar and the rest of the world are descendants of Imam Alawi ibn Ubaydullah.
- Muhammad. His descendants currently reside in Isfahan, Iran.
- Yahya. His descendants currently reside in Hillah, Iraq.
- Hasan. His descendants currently reside in Gujrat, Pakistan and have spread to western countries.
- Ali (Abu Jafar): His descendants reside in Homs, Syria.
Nine Saints (Wali Songo) are not from Al-Aydarus family
- Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim (d.1419 C.E.) - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Sunan Ampel - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Sunan Bonang - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Sunan Drajat - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Sunan Kudus - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Another daughter
- Sunan Giri - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
- Sunan Murya - one of the Wali Sanga ("Nine Saints") involved in propagating Islam in Indonesia.
Uraidhi descendants in Pakistan
- Syed Nizam Ud-din Tulambi- Zahir Wali ("The Living Saint") (b. around 1365, d. circa 1420s) - involved in propagating Islam in Hind.
- Syed Mian Muhammad Sadiq - Miran Sahib Kharota Syedan Sialkot
- Syed Nizam Kabeer Ali shah ibne Syed Faiz Allah shah ibne Syed Jalal-ud-Din Tulambi Malo mahy tahseel Daska Sialkot
- Syed Abdul Khaliq Shah who laid foundation of Chak Abdul Khaliq Syedian near DINA Jhelum.
- Syed Meeran Ali Haider Badshah, Jhelum, Pakistan.
Ali al-Uraidhi was a man of great knowledge. He was a transmitter of Hadith, and was quoted in a large number of books written by the famous 'ulama of his and subsequent ages.
He gained knowledge from:
- Ja'far al-Sadiq- his father.
- Musa al-Kadhim- his brother.
- Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Ali- his first cousin once removed.
- Zayd ibn Ali- his grand uncle.
Many people transmitted the Hadiths of Ali al-Uraidhi, including:
- Ahmad and Muhammad- his two sons.
- Abdullah ibn Hasan- his grandson.
- Ismail ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq- his brother Ishaq’s grandson.
- Imam al-Buzzi/al-Bazzi.
Opinions of Muslim scholars
- Al-Dhahabi, the Shafi'i Muhaddith and historian, in his book Al-Miizaan said, "Ali bin Ja'far al-Sadiq narrated hadith from his father, also from his brother (i.e. Musa al-Kadhim), and also from Sufyan al-Thawri. Al-Tirmidhi also narrated the hadith from him in his book. "
- Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, another Shafi'i Hadith scholar, in his book At-Taqrib said, "Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Husayn was one of the great figures..."
- Ahmad ibn Hanbal narrated from Ali al-Uraidhi in his Musnad (Hadith collection).
- ^ a b c d e Al-'Ilm un-Nabraas fi't Tanbeeh 'alaa Minhajj i'l Akyaas, by 'Abdallah bin 'Alawi bin Hassan al-'Attas, translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi