Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabicعجّول
 • Latin'Ajjul (official)
Ajoul (unofficial)
Ajjul is located in State of Palestine
Location of Ajjul within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°01′22″N 35°10′49″E / 32.02278°N 35.18028°E / 32.02278; 35.18028Coordinates: 32°01′22″N 35°10′49″E / 32.02278°N 35.18028°E / 32.02278; 35.18028
Palestine grid167/159
StateState of Palestine
GovernorateRamallah and al-Bireh
 • TypeVillage council
 • Head of MunicipalityMoussa Moussa
 • Total6,640 dunams (6.6 km2 or 2.5 sq mi)
 • Total1,237
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Name meaning"Calves"[1]

Ajjul (Arabic: عجّول) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the northern West Bank, located north of Ramallah. There are two archaeological sites or khirbets to the east of the village. One of the khirbets is dedicated to a former resident of Ajjul, Sheikh Abdul.[2] Ajjul is governed by a village council of three members.[3]


Ajjul is located 13.4 kilometers (8.3 mi) (horizontally) north of Ramallah. It is bordered by Atara to the south and east, Abwein to the east, Bani Zeid ash Sharqiya to the north, and Deir as-Sudan and Umm Safa to the west. Ajjul lies at an altitude of 484 meters above sea level.[4]


Ajjul is a village on an ancient site. Potsherds from the Iron Age, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman/Byzantine, Crusader/Ayyubid, Mamluk and early Ottoman period have also been found.[5] Rock-cut tombs have been found, and ancient architectural fragments have been reused in a mosque.[6]

Crusader/Ayyubid period[]

In the 12th and 13th centuries, during the Crusader period, Ajjul was inhabited by Muslims, according to the Muslim scholar Diya al-Din (d. 1245).[7] A mosque in the village has an inscription in the south wall, dating it to 1196. The inscription is in Ayyubid naskhi script.[8][9]

Röhricht (1842–1905 suggested that Ajjul was the Crusader place called Gul;[10] however, Conder (1848–1910) disagreed.[11]

Ottoman period[]

The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 79 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, summer crops, vineyards and fruit trees, olives, goats and/or beehives; a total of 8,745 akçe. Half of the revenue went to a Waqf.[12]

In 1838 Ajjul was noted as a Muslim village in the Beni Zeid administrative region.[13] In 1870 Victor Guérin passed by the village, which he called A'djoul, and estimated it to have about 300 inhabitants. Around Ajjul he found large fig and carob-trees, besides pomegranate, mulberry and apricot trees.[14] An official Ottoman village list from about the same year showed that Ajjul had 79 houses and a population of 250, though the population count included men, only.[15][16]

In 1882, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Ajjul as a "village of moderate size, with a well. It is on high ground, with olives round it, and ancient tombs. An ancient road leads towards it on the south."[17] In 1896 the population of Ajjul was estimated to be about 468 persons.[18]

British Mandate[]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Ajjul had a population of 202, all Muslim.[19] By the time of the 1931 census, Ajjul had 79 occupied houses and a population of 292, still all Muslim.[20]

In the 1945 statistics, the population was 350 Muslims,[21] and the total land area was 6,639 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[22] Of this, 3,507 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 863 for cereals,[23] while 14 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[24]

Jordanian period[]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ajjul came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 600 inhabitants here.[25]

Post 1967[]

Since the Six-Day War in 1967, Ajjul has been under Israeli occupation.

After the 1995 accords, 48.3% of Ajjul land is defined as Area A land, 27.2% is Area B, while the remaining 24.5% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated 363 dunams of village land in order to construct the Israeli settlement of Ateret.[26]


According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Ajjul had a population of 1,450 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[27]

In a 1997 PCBS census, 4.2% of Ajjul's population — which was 1,026 — were Palestinian refugees.[28] The largest age group in the village were infants to 14-year-olds, making up 44.2% of the population. About 25.3% of the population is between the ages of 15 and 29, 24.2% between 30 and 64 and residents 65 or older represent 6.3% of the population. There were slightly more males (51.7%) than females (49.3%) in Ajjul's gender make-up.[29] In the 2007 PCBS census, the figures of Ajjul's population showed a smaller population of 1,237 people, of which 601 were males and 636 were females.[30]


Ajjul contains a clinic that is primarily involved in blood testing. Most of the residents receive medical help from the Palestinian Red Crescent stationed in nearby Sinjil. The nearest hospital is in Ramallah.

Two mosques are located in Ajjul: a modern one and an older renovated one.[2]

There is a mixed-gender secondary school in the village, in which 400 students are enrolled. Students attend science and literature classes at the Prince Hassan School in Bir Zeit. Ajjul has about 50 college and university students. There is no postal service in the village.[2]


  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 224
  2. ^ a b c Ajjul Village Ajjul Village Council. (Translated from Arabic)
  3. ^ Village Council Members Ajjul Village Council. (Translated from Arabic)
  4. ^ 'Ajjul Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  5. ^ Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 415
  6. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 824
  7. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
  8. ^ Sharon, 1997, p 17 ff
  9. ^ Fig 8
  10. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p. 223, cited in Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 415
  11. ^ Conder, 1890, p. 34 suggested Qula as the place for Gul.
  12. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 117.
  13. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 125
  14. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 169-170
  15. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 142 Also noted it to be in the Beni Zeid region
  16. ^ Hartmann, 1883, pp. 111, 114 also noted 79 houses
  17. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 289
  18. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 124
  19. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  20. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 47.
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  22. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  23. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 111
  24. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 161
  25. ^ Government of Jordan, 1964, p. 24
  26. ^ 'Ajjul Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 16-17
  27. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2009-03-04 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  28. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2008-11-19 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  29. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality, Sex and Age Groups in Years Archived 2008-11-19 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  30. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.113.


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