'Abdu'l-Hamid Halim

Abdul Hamid Halim Shah
Abdul Hamid Halim.jpg
Abdul Hamid Halim of Kedah
Sultan of Kedah
Reign22 September 1881 - 13 May 1943
PredecessorZainal Rashid Mu'adzam Shah II
Born(1864-06-04)4 June 1864
Penang, Straits Settlements
Died13 May 1943(1943-05-13) (aged 78)
Alor Setar, Kedah
Tunku Abdul Rahman
FatherAhmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah
MotherWan Hajar binti Wan Ismail
ReligionSunni Islam
Abdul Hamid Halim Sultan of Kedah

Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Abdul Hamid Halim Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah KCMG (4 June 1864 – 13 May 1943) was the 26th Sultan of Kedah. He reigned from 1881 to 1943.

Foreign relations[]

During his reign, the Sultan had asked for a $2,500,000 loan from Siam during a state financial crisis in 1905. The loan was extended with the proviso that a Financial Advisor from the court of Siam be accepted and a State Council be created to assist the Sultan in the administration of all public affairs. This resulted in the promulgation of a new constitution on 29 July 1905. The state council were run by his brothers followed by their sons. The formation of the State Council thus curbed the Sultan's administrative powers.

His reign marked the transition from Siamese suzerainty over Kedah to the British Protectorate of Unfederated Malay States following the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909.

Personal life[]

He was the son of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah and Wan Hajar.

The Sultan had several wives and partners; Che Manjelara, Che Sofiah, Sharifah Fatimah Binti Syed Idrus, Sharifah Seha Binti Syed Hussein, Che Spachendra, Sharifah Mariam and Che Laraseh. The Sultan's seventh son and twentieth child with Makche Manjelara, Tunku Abdul Rahman, who would later become the first Prime Minister of Malaysia. The Sultan was succeeded by another son, Sultan Badlishah.



Foreign honours[]


  1. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระราชทานเหรียญดุษฎีมาลา, เล่ม ๑๐, ตอน ๙, ๒๘ พฤษภาคม พ.ศ. ๒๔๓๖, หน้า ๑๑๕
  2. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, การเลื่อนยศพระยาไทรบุรีเปนเจ้าพระยาไทรบุรีแลพระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้าฝ่ายหน้า, เล่ม 12, 1 กันยายน 2438, หน้า 189-190

External links[]

Abdul Hamid Halim of Kedah
House of Kedah
Born: 4 June 1864 Died: 13 May 1943
Regnal titles
Preceded by Sultan of Kedah
Succeeded by