'Abdallah ibn 'Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz

Abdallah ibn Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
عبد الله بن عمر بن عبد العزيز
Governor of Iraq
In office
744–745
MonarchYazid III,
Ibrahim,
Marwan II
Preceded byMansur ibn Jumhur al-Kalbi
Succeeded byAl-Nadr ibn Sa'id al-Harashi
Personal details
Born700s
Umayyad Caliphate
Diedc. 750
Harran, Umayyad Caliphate
Cause of deathDied in prison
RelationsBrothers:-
  • Abd al-Aziz
  • Asim
  • Abd al-Rahman
  • Sulayman
  • Maslama
  • Zayd
  • Ubayd Allah
  • Uthman
MotherFatima bint Abd al-Malik
FatherUmar II
RelativesAl-Walid I (maternal uncle)
Sulayman (maternal uncle)
Yazid II (maternal uncle)
Hisham (maternal uncle)
ResidenceDamascus

Abdallah ibn Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz (Arabic: عبد الله بن عمر بن عبد العزيز‎; died 750) was an Umayyad prince, the son of Caliph Umar II (r. 717–720), and briefly governor of Iraq under Yazid III in 744–745. In this capacity he quelled the pro-Alid rebellion of Abdallah ibn Mu'awiya at Kufa, although Ibn Mu'awiya managed to flee to Istakhr in Persia.[1]

Following the death of Yazid III, Marwan II (r. 744–750), who seized the throne, appointed a supporter of his own, the Qaysi Nadr ibn Sa'id al-Harashi, as governor of Iraq, but Abdallah ibn Umar retained the loyalty of the Kalbi majority of the Syrian garrison of Iraq. Ibn Umar remained at al-Hira, while Nadr and his followers installed themselves at the suburb of Dayr Hind, and for several months the two rival governors and their troops confronted and skirmished at each other around al-Hira.[2]

The conflict between Ibn Umar and al-Nadr was abruptly ended by the Kharijite revolt which had begun among the Banu Rabi'ah tribes in Upper Mesopotamia. Opposed to Marwan II's takeover and the tribes of Mudar and Qays who supported him, the Kharijites elected al-Dahhak ibn Qays al-Shaybani as their caliph, and in early 745 they invaded Iraq and defeated both rival Umayyad governors.[3] Nadr fled back to Syria to join Marwan, but Ibn Umar and his followers withdrew to Wasit. By the summer of 745 however Ibn Umar and his supporters surrendered and even embraced Kharijism and Dahhak—who was not even of the Quraysh tribe of Muhammad—as their caliph. Ibn Umar was appointed as Dahhak's governor for Wasit, eastern Iraq, and western Persia, while Dahhak governed western Iraq from Kufa.[3] After Dahhak was killed by Marwan's army at Kafartuta, Yazid ibn Hubayra was sent to establish Umayyad control over Iraq. Ibn Hubayra defeated the Kharijites at Kufa and then marched on Wasit, where he took Ibn Umar prisoner.[4] He later died in Marwan's prison in Harran alongside his kinsman al-Abbas ibn al-Walid and the Abbasid Ibrahim ibn Muhammad from a plague in the city.[5]

References[]

  1. ^ Hawting 2000, p. 99.
  2. ^ Hawting 2000, pp. 99–100.
  3. ^ a b Hawting 2000, p. 100.
  4. ^ Hawting 2000, pp. 100–101.
  5. ^ Williams 1985, p. 167.

Sources[]