Nasir al-Din al-Baydawi
|Died||685 AH (1286 CE)|
|Notable work(s)||The Lights of Revelation and the Secrets of Interpretation|
Baidawi  (d. c.1286, Tabriz) was a Persian Islamic scholar, born in Fars, where his father was chief judge, in the time of the Atabek ruler Abu Bakr ibn Sa'd (1226–60). He himself became a judge in Shiraz. Many commentaries have been written on Baidawi's work. He was also the author of several theological treatises.
He lived in the period of the Salgurs. Iranian region was a sheltered place because the Salgurs got along with the Mongols in this period. For this reason, this region became a safe region preferred by scholars. He also benefited from the scholars who came here. Details about his life are available in his book titled al-Gayah al-Kusvâ.
His major work is the commentary on the Qur'an entitled The Lights of Revelation and the Secrets of Interpretation (Anwar al-Tanzil wa-Asrar al-Ta'wil)'. This work is largely a condensed and amended ion of al-Zamakhshari's (al-Kashshaf). That work, which displays great learning, is affected by Mu'tazilite views, which al-Baydawi has tried to amend, sometimes by refuting them and sometimes by omitting them. In addition to drawing heavily from al-Kashshaf, al-Baydawi's tafsir also relied on the tafsirs of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and al-Raghib al-Isfahani. It has been ed by Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (2 vols., Leipzig, 1846-1848; indices ed. W. Fell, Leipzig, 1878). A selection with numerous notes was ed by D. S. Margoliouth as Chrestomathia Beidawiana (London, 1894).
His historical work Nizam al-Tawarikh (The Ordering of Histories) was written in Persian, his native language. It seems to be part of an effort to encourage Abaqa Khan, the pagan ruler of Iraq to legitimize Ilkhanate rule in Iraq by conversion to Islam.
His theological/kalamic work "Tawali' al-Anwar min Matali' al-Anzar" is about the logic of kalam in the Islamic theological tradition.
His other works: al-Gayah al-Kusvâ, Minhac al-Usul ila Ilm al-Usul, Lub al-Albâb, Risala fî Ta'rifat al-Ulûm, Tuhfeh al-Abrâr, Havâs al-Quran.
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