Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr
Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر
|Other name(s)||Ibn Abi Bakr|
|Born||c. 596 or 605|
Mecca, Umayyad Caliphate
|Allegiance||Quraysh (624–628) |
Rashidun Caliphate (632–641)
|Years of service||624–641|
|Spouse(s)||Qurayba bint Abi Umayya|
Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر; c. 596 or 605–675), was an Arab Muslim military commander in the service of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the Rashidun caliphs Abu Bakr (r. 632–634), and Umar (r. 634–644). His mother was Umm Ruman and he was the full brother of Aisha. It is said that he had a good sense of humour.
Four generations of the family of Abdur-Rahman had the distinction of being the companions (sahaba) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad namely Abdul-Rahman, his father Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, his grandfather Uthman Abu Quhafa and his son Abu Atiq Muhammad. It was believed that no other family held this distinction.
While still a non-Muslim, Abdur-Rahman fought from the side of Quraish in the Battles of Badr and Uhud.
In the Battle of Badr, he had an opportunity to kill his father, Abu Bakr, but he turned in another direction. Years later, after becoming Muslim, he told his father about it. Thereupon Abu Bakr replied: "If I had had such an opportunity, I would not have spared you."
In the Battle of Uhud before the fighting began, he came forward and threw down a challenge for a duel. Abu Bakr accepted the challenge, but Muhammad stopped him, saying, "Sheathe your sword, and let us continue to profit by your wise counsels."
After becoming a Muslim, Abdur-Rahman participated in all the battles fought by the Muslims and gained fame as a fierce warrior, especially in the Muslim conquest of Syria. He was one of the Mubarizun champions and fought duels in the battles for the Muslim army. The mubarizun unit of the Rashidun army was composed of elite warriors who were champion swordsmen, lancers and archers. In the battlefield his role was to undermine the morale of the enemy before the beginning of the battle by slaying their champions in duels.
In the Battle of Yarmouk, the Commander in chief of Byzantine force chose five selected warriors from Byzantine side, and they challenged the Muslims to duel. It was Abdur-Rahman who accepted the challenge. Scores of duels were fought on the plains of Yarmouk. Abdur-Rahman killed all of them one after the other.
Later, Abdurrahman were mentioned again involved in the Muslim campaign to Bahnasa. the Byzantine Sudanese forces flee to Bahnasa town and locked the gates, which then followed by the Muslims besiege the town, as the enemy were reinforced by an arrival of 50,000 according to the report of al-Maqqari. The siege dragged for months, until Khalid ibn al Walid commanded Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, Dhiraar ibn al-Azwar and other commanders to intensify the siege and assign them to lead around 10,000 Companions of the Prophet, with 70 among them were veterans of battle of Badr. Abdurrahman were mentioned as one of the Rashidun commander. the Byzantines and their Copt allies showering the Rashidun army with arrows and stones, until the Rashidun overcame the defenders, as Dhiraar, the first emerge, came out from the battle with his entire body stained in blood, while confessed he personally slayed about 160 Byzantine soldiers during the battle. Muslim army managed to breach the gate and storming the city and forcing surrender to the inhabitant.[Notes 1] [Notes 2] According to chronicles, the siege of Bahnasa were so fierce that in this battle alone, 5,000 Companions of the prophet (Sahabah) were perished during this battle, as the thousands of their tombs were still can be seen in the modern day.
Later, the Muslim forces besieged Barqa (Cyrenaica) for about three years to no avail. Then Khalid ibn al-Walid, who previously involved in the conquest of Oxyrhynchus, offered a radical plan to erect catapult which filled by cotton sacks. Then as the night came and the city guard slept, Khalid ordered his best warriors including Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr, Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, his son Abdullah, Fadl ibn Abbas, Abu Mas'ud al-Badri, and Abd al-Razzaq to step into the catapult platform which filled by cotton sacks. The catapult launched them one by one to the top of the wall and allowed these warriors to climb the top of the city walls, opening the gates and killing the guards, thus allowing the Muslim forces to enter and capturing the city.
Abdur-Rahman is the ancestor of many Albakri Al-Siddiqi families: the Al Atiqi found in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, and Siddiqui and Quraishi families in South and Central Asia. In the Horn of Africa, the [[Harari people]the udejeen clan or ciise ïbñû hutheyfi claim descent from abdul-rahman and the Sheekhaal, or Fiqi Umar Somali clan claim descent from Abdul-Rahman through Abadir Umar ar-Rida.
عبد اللطيف عبد الرحمن, أبي عبد الله محمد بن عمر/الواقدي · 2005; فتوح الشام
Futuh al-Bahnasa al Gharra, 'the conquest of Bahnasa, the blessed', by Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Mu'izz