'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni

ʽAbdul Qadir Badayuni
عبدالقادر بن ملوک شاه بدائونی
PronunciationʽAbd al-Qādir al-Badāyūni
ʽAbdul Qadir

Badayun, India[1]
Agra, India
EraMedieval India
EmployerMughal Empire
Home townAgra
Known forHistorian, Islamic scholar, Linguist and Courtier
Senior posting
Influenced by
Literary worksTarikh-i-Bada'uni also known as Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh

ʽAbdul Qadir Badayuni (1540–1615)[3] was a historian and translator and lived in the Mughal Empire.[1]

He translated the Hindu works, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata (Razmnama).[1]


He was the son of Muluk Shah.[4] He lived in Basavar as a boy studying in Sambhal and Agra.[1] He moved to Badaun, the town after which he was named, in 1562 before moving to Patiala to enter the service of prince Husayn Khan for the next nine years.[1] His later years of study were led by Muslim mystics. The Mughal emperor, Akbar, appointed him to the religious office in the royal courts in 1574 where he spent much of his career.[1]

Major works[]

Badayuni wrote Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh (Selection of Chronicles) or Tarikh-i-Badayuni (Badayuni's History) which was completed in 1595 (1004 AH). This work in three volumes is a general history of the Muslims of India. The first volume contains an account of Babur and Humayun.[citation needed] The second volume exclusively deals with Akbar's reign up to 1595. This volume is an unusually frank and critical account of Akbar's administrative measures, in particular, his religious views and his conduct. This volume was kept concealed until Akbar's death and was published after Jahangir's accession.[citation needed] This book gives a contemporary perspective regarding the development of Akbar's views on religion and his religious policy. The third volume describes the lives and works of Muslim religious figures, scholars, physicians and poets.[4]

The first printed ion of the text of this work was published by the College Press, Calcutta in 1865 and later this work was translated into English by G.S.A. Ranking (Vol.I), W.H. Lowe (Vol.II) and T.W. Haig (Vol.III) (published by the Asiatic Society, Calcutta between 1884 and 1925 as a part of their Bibliotheca Indiaca series).[citation needed]

In popular culture[]

Irrfan Khan played Badayuni in Doordarshan's historical drama Bharat Ek Khoj (1988-1989).[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. ^ ʽAbd al-Qadir Badayuni. "II. An account of the learned men, most of whom the author has met, or from those whom he has received instruction.". In Haig, Wolseley (ed.). Muntakhab-ut-Tawārīkh. Vol. 3. p. 188.
  3. ^ "ʿAbd al-Qādir Badāʾūnī | Indo-Persian historian".
  4. ^ a b Majumdar, R. C., ed. (2007). The Mughul Empire. The History and Culture of the Indian People. Vol. VII (4th ed.). Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pp. 6–7.
  5. ^ "Ashutosh Gowariker recalls seeing an 'unknown actor' Irrfan Khan during Discovery of India's shoot : 'Have been fan ever since'". Hindustan Times. 5 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2022.


External links[]

Religious titles
Preceded by
Grand Mufti of India
16th century – 17th century
Succeeded by