'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni


ʽAbdul Qadir Badayuni
عبدالقادر بن ملوک شاه بدائونی
PronunciationʽAbd al-Qādir al-Badāyūni
Born
ʽAbdul Qadir

21 August 1540 (1540-08-21)
Died5 November 1605(1605-11-05) (aged 65)
Agra, India
NationalityIndian
CitizenshipIndian
OccupationGrand Mufti of India
EraMedieval India
EmployerMughal Empire
StyleGrand Mufti
TitleGrand Mufti of India
MovementSunni Islam
Grand Mufti of India
In office
24 February 2019 -
Preceded byOffice established
Official nameمفتي الهند، عبد القادر البدايوني
Personal
ReligionIslam
Home townAgra
Known forHistorian, Islamic scholar, Linguist and Courtier
Muslim leader
Literary worksTarikh-i-Bada'uni also known as Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh
Grand Mufti styles
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleThe Honourable
Religious styleMufti Azam-e-Hind, and Mufti al-Diyar al-Hindiyyah and Shaykh al-Islām in Arabic
Alternative styleHadrat, Sheikh and Sahib-ul-Ma'ali
Informal styleMr. Grand Mufti

ʽAbdul Qadir Badayuni (1540–1615)[2] was the first Grand Mufti of India and a historian and translator living in the Mughal Empire.[1]

He translated the Hindu works, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata (Razmnama).[1] However, as an orthodox Muslim, he strongly resented the reforms of Akbar, and the elevation of Hindus to high offices. He was also renowned for his rivalry with Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak.[citation needed]

Life[]

He was the son of Muluk Shah.[3] He lived in Basavar as a boy studying in Sambhal and Agra.[1] He moved to Badaun, the town of his name, in 1562 before moving on to enter the service of prince Husayn Khan for the next nine years in Patiala.[1] His later years of study were governed by Muslim mystics. The Mughal emperor, Akbar, appointed him to the religious office in the royal courts in 1574 where he spent much of his career.[1]

Major works[]

The most notable work of Badayuni is Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh (Selection of Chronicles) or Tarikh-i-Badayuni (Badayuni's History) composed in 1004 AH (1595). This work in three volumes is a general History of the Muslims of India. The first volume contains an account of Babur and Humayun. The second volume exclusively deals with Akbar's reign up to 1595. This volume is an unusually frank and critical account of Akbar's administrative measures, particularly religious and his conduct. This volume was kept concealed till Akbar's death and was published after Jahangir's accession. This book gives a contemporary perspective regarding the development of Akbar's views on religion and his religious policy. The third volume describes the lives and works of Muslim religious figures, scholars, physicians and poets[3] The first printed ion of the text of this work was published by the College Press, Calcutta in 1865 and later this work was translated into English by G.S.A. Ranking (Vol.I), W.H. Lowe (Vol.II) and T.W. Haig (Vol.III) (published by the Asiatic Society, Calcutta between 1884-1925 as a part of their Bibliotheca Indiaca series).

Other works by Badayuni include the Bahr-ul-Asmar, a work on Kitab al-Hadith "book of sayings [of Muhammad]", (lost), a chapter in the Tarikh-i-Alfi (History of the Millennium), commissioned by Akbar to celebrate the millenary of the Hijrah, and the Najat-ur-Rashid[4] (1581), a summary of the Jami al-Tawarikh, the "Universal History" of Rashid-al-Din Hamadani.[citation needed]

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  2. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Abd-al-Qadir-Badauni
  3. ^ a b Majumdar, R. C., ed. (2007). The Mughul Empire. The History and Culture of the Indian People. VII (4th ed.). Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pp. 6–7.
  4. ^ Abu'l Fazl Allami (1927, reprint 1993) (tr. into English by Heinrich Blochmann).The Ain-I Akbari, Vol. I, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society, pp.110-11n

References[]

External links[]

Religious titles
Preceded by
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Grand Mufti of India
16th century - 17th century
Succeeded by
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