'Abd Allah ibn Lutf Allah bin 'Abd ar-Rashid al-Bihdadini Hafiz-i Abru

Hafez-e Abru[1] (Persian: حافظ ابرو; died June 1430) was a Persian[2] historian working at the courts of Timurid rulers of Central Asia. His full name is ʿAbdallah (or Nur-Allah) Ebn Lotf-Allah Ebn 'Abd-al-Rashid Behdadini;[1] his short name is also transcribed in Western literature as Hafiz-i Abru, Hafez-e Abru, Hafiz Abru etc.

Miniature from Hafiz-i Abru's Majma al-tawarikh. “Noah’s Ark” Iran (Afghanistan), Herat; Timur's son Shah Rukh (1405–1447) ordered the historian Hafiz-i Abru to write a continuation of Rashid al-Din's famous history of the world, Jami al-tawarikh. Like the Il-Khanids, the Timurids were concerned with legitimizing their right to rule, and Hafiz-i Abru's “A Collection of Histories” covers a period that included the time of Shah Rukh himself.

Hafiz-i Abru was born in Khorasan and studied in Hamadān. He entered Timur's court in the 1380s; after the death of Timur, Hafiz-i Abru continued in the service of Timur's son, Shah Rukh, in Herat. He interacted with other scholars congregating around Timur's and Shah Rukh's courts, and became recognized as a good chess player.[1]

Hafiz-i Abru is the author and/or compiler of numerous works on the history and geography of the Timurid state and adjacent regions, commissioned by his master Shah Rukh.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Maria Eva Subtelny and Charles Melville, Ḥāfeẓ-e Abru at Encyclopædia Iranica
  2. ^ Lewis, B. (ed.) (1986). Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol 3 (Photomechan. repr. ed.). Leiden [u.a.]: Brill [u.a.] p. 57. ISBN 9004081186.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)