'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As

Abd Allah ibn Amr ibn al-As
عبد الله ابن عمر ابن العاص
Governor of Egypt
In office
January 664 – February 664
MonarchMu'awiya I (r. 661–680)
Preceded byAmr ibn al-As
Succeeded byUtba ibn Abi Sufyan
Personal details
Died684
Relations
Parent(s)

Abd Allah ibn Amr ibn al-As (Arabic: عبد الله ابن عمر ابن العاص, romanizedʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAmr ibn al-ʿĀṣ; died 684 CE/65 AH) was the second governor of Egypt under Mu'awiya I (r. 661–680), succeeding his father Amr ibn al-As. He was the author of Sahifa al-Sadiqa (lit.'The Truthful Script'), the first known hadith compilation document. The document contained about one thousand of Muhammad's narrations.[1][2]

Biography[]

Abd Allah ibn 'Amr embraced Islam in the year 7 AH,[3] a year before his father, Amr ibn al-'As, did. Muhammad was said to have shown a preference for Abd Allah ibn 'Amr due to his knowledge. He was one of the first companions to write down the Hadith, after receiving permission from Muhammad to do so.[3]

Ibn Amr witnessed some of the battles fought under Muhammad.[3] Ibn Amr witnessed the battle of Siffin as he was obliged to follow his father in the ranks of Mu'awiyah.[3] Ibn Amr led the right wing of the army, although he did not participate in the actual battle.[3] Ibn Amr was said to have been regretful that he participated during that day.[3]

Abd Allah succeeded his father Amr ibn al-As as governor of Egypt for a few weeks in early 664 before Caliph Mu'awiya I appointed his own brother Utba ibn Abi Sufyan to the post.[4][5]

Character[]

Known as one of "four Abadillah" Faqīh, a group of companions which known for their Sharia expertize who shared same name which consisted of Ibn 'Amr himself, Abdullah ibn Umar, Abdullah ibn Masud, and Abdullah Ibn Abbas.[citation needed]

Abu Huraira said that Abd Allah ibn 'Amr was more knowledgeable than he was.[6][7]

His work Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah remained in his family and was used by his grandson 'Amr ibn Shu'ayb. Ahmad ibn Hanbal incorporated the whole of the work of Abd Allah ibn 'Amr in his voluminous book Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal thereby covering the missing Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah which was written in the days of Muhammad.[8]

References[]

  1. ^ Schoeler, Gregor; James Edward Montgomery, Uwe Vagelpohl (2006). The oral and the written in early Islam. Taylor & Francis. p. 127. ISBN 0-415-39495-3.
  2. ^ Gülen, Fethullah (2005). The Messenger of God Muhammad: an analysis of the Prophet's life. Tughra Books. p. 314. ISBN 1-932099-83-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Muḥammad, al-D̲ahabī, Šams al-Dīn (1998). Siyar aʻlām al-nubalāʼ. Muʼassasat al-Risālah. OCLC 871458157.
  4. ^ Foss 2009, p. 3.
  5. ^ Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 206. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  6. ^ Biography of Abdullah Ibn Amr ibn al-'As
  7. ^ An Introduction to the Conservation of Hadith (In the Light of Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih), Dr. Hamidullah, Islamic Book Trust, ISBN 978-983-9154-94-8
  8. ^ Hammidullah, Muhammad; Rahimuddin, Muhammad (2007). An introduction to the conservation of hadith : in the light of Sahifah of Hammam ibn Munabbih. Islamic Book Trust. ISBN 983-9154-50-8. OCLC 956942518.

Sources[]