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|Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah|
|Reign||29 January 1950 – 24 November 1965|
|Coronation||25 February 1950|
|Predecessor||Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah|
|Successor||Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah|
|Died||24 November 1965(aged 69–70)|
|Father||Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah|
|Mother||Sheikha Mariam bint Jarrah Al-Sabah|
Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah (1895 – 24 November 1965, Arabic: الشيخ عبد الله الثالث السالم الصباح) was the eleventh ruler of Kuwait, the first Emir of the State of Kuwait, and Commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces from 29 January 1950 until his death. He was the eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah. He was the Minister of Finance from 1939 to 1940. As the eleventh ruler of the Al Sabah dynasty in Kuwait, he took power after the death of his cousin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He also ruled as regent upon the death of his father until the election of Sheikh Ahmad. The anniversary of his coronation, 25 February, serves as Kuwait's national day.
Unlike his predecessors, Abdullah III was more pro-Arab than pro-British. He effectively ended the British "protectorate" status of Kuwait by signing a treaty with the British on 19 June 1961. He is regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962, followed by the Parliament in 1963.
Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim died two years later, in 1965 after suffering from a heart attack during the opening session of the National Assembly (Kuwait) and was succeeded by his half-brother, Sheikh Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah. He was also the father of Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who ruled briefly in January 2006, Sheikh Khalid Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, and Sheikh Ali Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, who is a governor.
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-SabahBorn: 1895 Died: 24 November 1965
Himself, as Sheikh of Kuwait and dependencies
| Emir of Kuwait
Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
| Sheikh of Kuwait
Himself, as Emir of Kuwait