$1 coin (Australian)

One Dollar
Value1.00 AUD
Mass9.00 g
Diameter25.00 mm
Thickness2.80 mm
Edgeinterrupted milled 0.25 mm 77 notches
Composition92% Copper, 6% Aluminium, 2% Nickel
Years of minting1984–present
Catalog number
DesignElizabeth II, Queen of Australia
DesignerIan Rank-Broadley
Design date1999
Australian $1 Coin.png
DesignFive kangaroos
DesignerStuart Devlin
Design date1983

The Australian one-dollar coin is the second most valuable circulation denomination coin of the Australian dollar after the two-dollar coin; there are also non-circulating legal-tender coins of higher denominations (five-, ten-, two-hundred-dollar coins[1] and the one-million-dollar coin[2]).

It was first issued on 14 May 1984[3] to replace the one-dollar note which was then in circulation, although plans to introduce a dollar coin had existed since the mid-1970s.[3] The first year of minting saw 186.3 million of the coins produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.[3]

Four portraits of Queen Elizabeth II have featured on the obverse, the 1984 head of Queen Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin; between 1985 and 1998, the head by Raphael Maklouf; between 1999 and 2009, the head by Ian Rank-Broadley; and since 2019, the effigy of Elizabeth II by artist Jody Clark has been released into circulation. The coin features an inscription on its obverse of AUSTRALIA on the right-hand side and ELIZABETH II on the left-hand side.

The reverse features five kangaroos. The image was designed by Stuart Devlin, who designed Australia's first decimal coins in 1966.

The one-dollar denomination was only issued in coin sets in 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, and finally 2012. No one-dollar coin with any mint mark was ever released for circulation; any dollars found with such mark comes for a card.

$1 coins are legal tender for amounts not exceeding 10 times the face value of the coin for any payment of a debt.[4]

Commemorative issue[]

The Royal Australian Mint has released a number of commemorative issued coins since the Australian $1 was released in 1984, some of which were not released into circulation.

Year Subject Mintage
1986 International Year of Peace 25,200,000
1988 Commemoration the Australian Bicentennial 21,600,000
1993 Landcare Australia 18,200,000
1996 Sir Henry Parkes 26,200,000
1997 Birth of Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith 24,400,000
1999 International Year of Older Persons 29,300,000
2001 Centenary of Federation 27,900,000
International Year of Volunteers 6,000,000
2002 Year of the Outback 35,400,000
2003 Australia's Volunteers 4,100,000
Centenary of Women's Suffrage 10,000,000
2005 60th Anniversary of the End of World War II 34,200,000
2007 Australia's hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum 20,100,000
2008 Centenary of Scouting in Australia 17,200,000
2009 100th Year of the Age Pension 21,300,000
2010 Centenary of Girl Guiding in Australia 12,600,000
2011 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 9,400,000
2014 -
Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018 21,800,000 (2014)
1,300,000 (2015)
1,800,000* (2016)
2016 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency 560,000
2020 Celebrating a 100 years of Qantas
2020 The world's first one dollar coin designed to be donated
"*" denotes partial numbers for 2016 - total production to be confirmed

See also[]



  1. ^ "$200 Gold coin".
  2. ^ "$1 million coin minted". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 October 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "One dollar". Royal Australian Mint. 14 May 1984. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  4. ^ "RBA Banknotes: Legal Tender". banknotes.rba.gov.au. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  5. ^ "One Dollar". Royal Australian Mint. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.


External links[]

Preceded by One Dollar (Australian)
Succeeded by