!Xu (god)

ǃXu is possibly the main god of the San of southern Africa. He is considered a benevolent and omnipotent supreme being.[1] He is also the sky god to whom the souls of the dead go. He is said to "Summon the magicians to their profession, and gives them supernatural powers." The San add that he provides the rain and is invoked in illness, before hunting and before traveling.

The deity is also known as !Xuba, !Xo or !Xoba.[2]

Xu, a crater on Rhea, the second largest moon of Saturn, is named after ǃXu.[3][4]


  1. ^ Richard Katz, Megan Biesele, Verna St. Denis. Healing Makes Our Hearts Happy: Spirituality and Cultural Transformation Among the Kalahari Ju\'hoansi, p. 43, at Google Books
  2. ^ Dorothea F. Bleek, Bushman Dictionary, p. 502, at Google Books. ISBN 9785882327261
  3. ^ "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Xu on Rhea". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN). Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  4. ^ The Compact NASA Atlas of the Solar System, p. 401, at Google Books Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN 9780521806336